Murilo Maeda, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Cotton Specialist, Lubbock:
“West Texas is finally starting to look like one big cotton patch. With warmer weather the crop is moving right along, and many fields are squaring.
“Dry conditions were beginning to prevail, but many areas received good cotton showers this past weekend. Amounts ranged from a little all the way to 4-plus inches with heavier rainfall generally between Lubbock and Tulia. I haven’t seen or heard about any hail damage in that area. But yesterday (7/8), there were reports of hail damage from storms in Garza, Crosby and Floyd Counties, heading north.
“Insects are around. Folks should be scouting. Everyone gets busy after a rain, with sand fighting, applying fertilizer and other jobs, but it’s crucial to protect those first fruiting sites in an attempt to maximize yield potential.
“Weeds are out there in full force, but it seems most growers are catching up on them. Fields are being sprayed that were weedy due to neglect or because growers were running behind. They’re beginning to look better.”
Mark Nemec, MJN Consulting, Waco, Texas:
“We finally got dry. It has also been warm, and the cotton is really setting fruit and starting to look like cotton is supposed to look. A few fields are starting to bloom, but most is a good month behind.
“We’re still fighting fleahoppers in some younger stuff. They’ve slowed down but many are still popping up.
“I haven't seen many stink bugs, but a good moth flight is starting. Corn is drying down and there are many moths. I’d say we’re fixing to have another big egg lay in the next few days.
“We’re worried about how much bollworm pressure the Bollgard can handle. Most of mine is still Bollgard 2 and so far, even that is holding. Also, I have a good mix of beneficials. It’s early and that is helping me out so far.
“Most weeds are under control, but there are a few spots that I’m having to hit again. With all of the earlier moisture we’re fighting a lot of new growth. On later fields, even the smaller cotton is starting to take off. Many PGRs are going out this week and we need to hit it pretty hard.”
Danielle Sekula Ortiz, Texas A&M AgriLife IPM Agent, Weslaco/Lower Rio Grande Valley:
“Much of our cotton is doing alright, but we had a setback a few weeks ago with heavy rainfall. Many fields were flooded for several days, depending on what side of the valley you were on.
“We have a large amount of open boll cotton this week after a lot of it finally dried out. I haven't been able to scout much, but there are heavy whitefly populations along the Rio Grande River.
“Guys will probably do what they can to get their corn and sorghum harvested soon, and hope the rains cooperate with them.”
Alan Seitz, Nutrien Ag Solutions, Wilcox, Arizona:
“It has been 98 to 102 degrees. We’re also into the monsoon season. Rains have been spotty – from hardly a drop up to an inch. It’s a typical monsoon deal, with high humidity that’s good for the plants.
“Cotton looks good. A few fields started blooming last week and we’re just beginning to bloom across the southeast Arizona region.
“Lygus sprays are going out near where guys just cut alfalfa. I’m making preventive fungicide applications for rust, but we’re not seeing any southwestern rust just yet.
“Depending on the new technology being used, a lot of Xtendimax and 2, 4-d are going out to handle morning glory and spurred anoda hot spots. Spurred anoda is a dirty one and every bit as hard as morning glory to control. There is spotty pigweed glyphosate resistance showing up.”
Spurred anoda may reach 3.5 feet in height.
Brad Easterling, Texas A&M AgriLife IPM Agent, Glasscock, Reagan & Upton Counties:
"Our cotton is doing pretty decent out here. We had good showers over the weekend, ranging from 0.1” to as much as 3 inches. Glasscock County had more rain, while Reagan and Upton counties didn’t see as much.
“Maturity is all over the board. It’s field-to-field and even within fields. Plants range from 4 true leaves to 10 or 11 true leaves and putting on squares. We had hail that caused damage, but not enough to destroy fields. However, with scattered plant damage, maturity will vary.
“Insect issues are light. The jumbo grasshopper finally slowed down. We’re now seeing a few fleahoppers that are actually worse on younger, non-squaring cotton. We’re keeping them in check to hold down damage.
“Growers have done a good job with weed control and fields are clean. We could just use more rain.”