An AgFax Media Publication

Owen Taylor, Editor

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OVERVIEW

Bad news on the pigweed front: Roundup-resistant Palmer amaranth/pigweed has probably been found in Virginia, according to David Holshouser, Extension Agronomist. Most pigweed in the state is below the James River, he said in this week's AgFax: Southern Grain report. Several growers in southwest Georgia are running pressurized wicking applicators to try to clean up pigweed escapes. It continues to be the main crop pest in many areas this season. Several weed scientists have told us in the last year that they now see Roundup as pretty much a tankmix partner, not a solution. Hard to argue with that.

Variable, spotty showers are sustaining the crop in some areas and helping supplement irrigation. But portions of the South remain dry, and no significant, regional weather systems have developed in the last week.

High temperatures developed in Texas during the last week, disrupting several days of fruiting. Up until now, the state has had relatively mild weather this season.

Insects are being treated in places.

Alabama Peanut Pest Alert, 7-13: Insect counts from IPM pheromone traps.

Georgia Seminole Crop E News, 7-13: Conditions very favorable for development of white mold.

Georgia Peanut Rx: Fungicide guide.

Peanuts end up 0.8 cents for most recent reporting period.

CROP REPORTS

Rusty Harris, Worth County Extension Agent, Sylvester, Ga.: "People have mostly gotten Cadre out, and they’re in the spray mode for fungicides now. Otherwise, things are quiet. We had been irrigating pretty heavily and finally got some rain last week, from 1.5 to 3 inches across the county."

Sunbelt Ag News

DOANE: Cotton Comment 

Audio: Cotton Conference Call - Ag Marketing Network panel discusses latest USDA report, possible market direction 11-12

Southeast Cotton Harvest Reports: Some progress, but Ida is a concern 11-12

Delta Cotton Harvest Reports: Struggling To Finish The 2009 Crop 11-12

Closing Cotton: Closes Lower in Heavy Dealings 11-12

Closing Grain: Impressive Session for Soybeans 11-12

Closing Rice: Recent Gains Firmed 11-12

U.S. Diesel Fuel Cost Survey 11-12

U.S. Stock Market News 11-12

Texas: Cotton Grower Happy with Average Crops 11-12

Harvest Conditions Need Careful Drying 11-12

Kansas: K-State Scientist Reviews Options for Late-Planted Wheat 11-12

Midday Grain: Soybeans Stronger 11-12

Midday Livestock: Cattle Futures on Defensive at Midday, Pressured by Lower Feedlot Cash  11-12

Linn Corn Commentary: Strikes Again 11-12

Linn Wheat Commentary: Ended Higher 11-12

Linn Soybean Commentary: Drift Higher 11-12

Kansas: `Keeping the Family Farming´ Workshops Set for January in Beloit, Hiawatha 11-12

The Pain of Technology Adoption 11-12

Opening Cotton: Extends Sharp Midweek Downturn 11-12

Opening Grains: All Lower Overnight 11-12

Opening Livestock: Lean Hogs Likely to Open Lower 11-12

K. Good's Farm Policy: Climate Issues and Agriculture; Food Security; and Food Safety 11-12

Virginia Cotton: Harvest, Lint Quality and Yield  11-11

Closing Livestock: Cattle Futures Plunge Lower in The Face of Faltering Feedlot Sales 11-11

Arkansas: Clock Ticking for Wheat Growers 11-11

Georgia: Volatile October Sets Record Temps 11-11

New Tech Tractors that Talk 11-11

Farmers' Program, Industry's Gain 11-11

Resistant Weeds in the Future: Harder to Kill in Soybeans, Rice, Corn, Wheat 11-11

Kentucky Producer Wraps Season Up 11-11

Texas: Subsurface Drip Irrigation - If it works here, it will work anywhere 11-11

Georgia Pecans: Moderate deliveries, export interest widens 11-10

Midsouth Pecans: Very light farmer deliveries, slow but steady demand 11-10

Peanuts: USDA reduces 2009 crop estimate by 1%, sees 30% drop from 2008 11-10

Georgia: New Systems Help Water Applications 11-10

Mississippi: Harvest Rains Hurt Crops 11-10

USDA Reports Preview 11-10

Iowa Farmer Sees Crop Rotation Working 11-10

Pesticide Levels Decline in Corn Belt Rivers 11-10

Wet ethanol production process yields more ethanol and more co-products 11-10

Brazil Readies Cotton Retaliation Against U.S. 11-10

Shortage of Dairy-Quality Hay 11-10

Arkansas: Sun Powers Harvest Progress 11-9

Fruit and Vegetables from STAT

More Ag News | Grain Futures Newswire

Sugar, U.S. Nut Markets

Upcoming Events:

(FD: field day; SS: scout schools)

Kansas State University Management, Analysis and Strategic Thinking Program (MAST), November 16-17. 

Mississippi: Delta Area Rice Meeting and Dinner, November 19 at 6 p.m., Bolivar County Extension Auditorium, Cleveland.

Texas: Agrilife conducts public training on: prescribed burning; comparison of wheat, oats and triticale; herbicide application equipment, November 19,Schleicher County Civic Center, located just south of Eldorado.

Texas High Plains Ag Conference, December 2, AgriLife Research and Extension Center, Lubbock. Contact Scott at 806-775-1680, or r-scott@ag.tamu.edu

Texas 21st Annual Plant Protection Assn. Conference "Application of Agricultural Technology and Management for Changing Times", December 2 & 3, Brazos Center, Bryan.

California: Using Blue Bees In California Almonds, December 7, Masonic Family Center, Chico.

California: Using Blue Bees In California Almonds, December 8, UCCE Stanislaus County Office, Modesto.

Mississippi 2009 Row Crop Short Course, December 7-9, 10 am, Bost Extension Center, Mississippi State University, Registration Form.

Alabama Precision Agriculture and Field Crops Conference, December 8, 8 am, Wind Creek Hotel, Atmore.

California: Almond Industry Conference, Dec. 9-10, Modesto.

2009 USA Rice Outlook Conference, December 9-11, New Orleans Marriott, New Orleans. For more information, contact Jeanette Davis, jdavis@usarice.com.

2010 National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 4-7. New Orleans Marriott Hotel and Sheraton New Orleans Hotel.

Kansas: `Keeping the Family Farming´ Workshop, Jan. 9 & 23, Zion Lutheran Church, Beloit (2 sessions).

National Conservation Systems Cotton & Rice Conference
Tunica, MS - Jan. 12-13.

Kansas: `Keeping the Family Farming´ Workshop, Jan. 16 & 30, Fisher Community Center, Hiawatha (2 sessions).

North Carolina Southern Cotton Growers/Southeastern Cotton Ginners Annual Meeting, Jan. 20-23, 2 pm, The Westin, Charlotte.

Louisiana 2010 Agricultural Outlook Conference: “Keeping
Louisiana Agriculture Competitive,"
Jan. 21, State Evacuation Facility, LSU AgCenter's Dean Lee REC, Alexandria.

Kansas: `Keeping the Family Farming´ Workshop, Jan. 9 & 23, Zion Lutheran Church, Beloit (2 sessions).

Kansas: `Keeping the Family Farming´ Workshop, Jan. 16 & 30, Fisher Community Center, Hiawatha (2 sessions).

Louisiana: 75th Annual Livestock Show Feb. 13-20. Lamar-Dixon Expo Center, Gonzales.

RTWG (Rice Technical Working Group) 33rd Conference, Feb. 22-25, Biloxi, MS.

To list an event, contact Owen Taylor

 

 

 

Alan Blaine, Southern Ag Consulting, Starkville, Miss.: "We’re close to wrapping up weed control on the latest-planted peanuts. This sure has been a spread-out crop in terms of planting dates. We’re starting to pick up some leaf spot in north Mississippi, something we haven’t had to deal with much in the past. But we found a pretty good flush in our oldest peanuts, even after all the dry weather. It came on pretty quick, too, and we had to play catch-up on fungicides. We were certainly hoping not to get into a regimented fungicide program like they have in Georgia, but we’ll at least have to start considering all our options. This happened in our oldest peanuts, which also have fuller canopies and are some of our best looking ones, too. They’re at about 75 days. We’re now in a preventive mode. We’re finding some cutworm activity but nothing that warrants spraying yet."

Wes Briggs, Briggs Crop Services, Inc., Bainbridge, Ga.: "Mark Mitchell (Mitchell Ag Consulting, Inc., Bainbridge) has peanuts that are a little older than ours, and he’s spraying worms in some of those fields. There’s a mix of tobacco budworms, corn earworms and fall armyworms. We don’t have treatable levels yet (7/13) but likely will reach that point in 7 to 10 days. We’re still dealing with pigweed. Some farms are pretty clean, others are really bad. We’re running pressurized rope-wick applicators in a number of places to try to kill any of it that’s above the crop. We can probably make 2 rounds in peanuts. But because cotton is so much bigger by the time the weed gets above the canopy, there’s less chance that we can made a second run at it."

Ames Herbert, Virginia Extension Entomologist: "Potato leaf hopper is about the only thing out there in peanuts right now (7/14). We’re getting calls, mainly people questioning what they can use that won’t flare spider mites. The short answer is, ‘nothing.’ Anything that might work on potato leaf hoppers will increase the risk of flaring mites. We urge people to be conservative with these sprays and stick to our leaf hopper guidelines. Seeing 10% to 15% hopper burn isn’t enough to justify spraying. The guidelines call for 20% to 25% damage with hoppers still present. This is a very mobile pest, and they frequently damage peanuts and then move on, so there’s no point in spraying if they’re not present. We’re getting questions, too, about using Lorsban on Southern corn root worms. In some of these dry, sandy soils I’m not sure you’ll find many root worms right now, anyway. And treating for them, like treating for leaf hoppers, increases the risk of flaring mites."

Clyde Smith, Regional IPM Agent, Jackson County, Fla.: "Peanuts are doing pretty well. The hot temperatures earlier slowed them down some. Most of this crop was planted within a tight window, and trying to figure out how to harvest it all at the right time is going to be a challenge. A pretty big percentage was planted in June, so it’s a later crop, too. With the high temperatures, we had a period when peanuts didn’t peg, even if the vine was pushing out. We’re just doing the typical fungicide applications right now. I haven’t seen anything in the way of insects that would need to be treated. We’ve been doing pretty well lately on rain. In this county we did miss the rain yesterday (7/13), but parts of the western panhandle caught some. We’re not soggy-wet here, but we’re not hurting, either."

Todd A. Baughman, Texas Extension Peanut Specialist, Vernon, Texas: "Up until last week, I was estimating the crop was running 2 to 3 weeks ahead. Growing conditions had been extremely favorable, and peanuts were progressing. But last week we hit several days of heat that really hammered things. We were generally hot across the whole state, over 100, and the high reached 108 in the Vernon area at one point – not the heat index but the actual temperature. We had highs well over 100 for 2 to 3 days in numerous areas. Where the bloom already was set, it stood a better chance of being okay as long as the top layer of soil was moist enough to get the peg into the ground. But we still lost some of the developing blooms. We’re not completely unaccustomed to gaps in the fruiting pattern. It’s not something you want to see, of course, but we’ll still be in pretty good shape if everything shifts into a more normal pattern. If this kind of weather sets in for a prolonged period, though, it will hurt. We have to mostly build our crop here on irrigation, and it makes me nervous when we do get that much heat. Our production area in south Texas is still extremely hot and dry, and the most recent rain they saw was sometime last summer. We’re going on with the preventive pod rot treatment on our earliest peanuts. They’re hitting that 75-day window now. Our acreage is down significantly, so most of our peanuts are on better fields with good rotation histories and better water, and we shouldn’t expect many pod rot problems this year. So, some guys are holding off on fungicides because of that."

John Beasley, Georgia Extension Agronomist, Tifton, Ga.: "We still continue to receive isolated rainfall, although it would be great to have some widespread systems. I drove to Panama City this week for the Southern peanut grower conference and took different routes going down and returning. The thing I noticed was how clean a large portion of our crop is. There were fields here and there with weed problems, but most of the crop was relatively weed-free. While talking with growers and consultants at the conference, I didn’t hear much about insect problems, just isolated things. For mid July, I don’t think we could be in much better shape with the crop than we are right now. But we do have this huge variability in planting dates, from fields at 80 to 90 days to some that are 2 to 3 weeks old. We’ve got a 70-day-plus spread in planting dates compared to a more normal 30 to 40 days. These younger ones need to go weed-free for 6 weeks from planting to eliminate yield-limiting competition. After that, weed management is mostly just a matter of catching escapes here and there. For fields just at 2 weeks, you’ve got to stay on top of weed management into August."


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