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Sunbelt Ag News

DOANE: Cotton Comment 

Audio: Cotton Conference Call - Ag Marketing Network panel discusses latest USDA report, possible market direction 11-12

Southeast Cotton Harvest Reports: Some progress, but Ida is a concern 11-12

Delta Cotton Harvest Reports: Struggling To Finish The 2009 Crop 11-12

Closing Cotton: Closes Lower in Heavy Dealings 11-12

Closing Grain: Impressive Session for Soybeans 11-12

Closing Rice: Recent Gains Firmed 11-12

U.S. Diesel Fuel Cost Survey 11-12

U.S. Stock Market News 11-12

Texas: Cotton Grower Happy with Average Crops 11-12

Harvest Conditions Need Careful Drying 11-12

Kansas: K-State Scientist Reviews Options for Late-Planted Wheat 11-12

Midday Grain: Soybeans Stronger 11-12

Midday Livestock: Cattle Futures on Defensive at Midday, Pressured by Lower Feedlot Cash  11-12

Linn Corn Commentary: Strikes Again 11-12

Linn Wheat Commentary: Ended Higher 11-12

Linn Soybean Commentary: Drift Higher 11-12

Kansas: `Keeping the Family Farming´ Workshops Set for January in Beloit, Hiawatha 11-12

The Pain of Technology Adoption 11-12

Opening Cotton: Extends Sharp Midweek Downturn 11-12

Opening Grains: All Lower Overnight 11-12

Opening Livestock: Lean Hogs Likely to Open Lower 11-12

K. Good's Farm Policy: Climate Issues and Agriculture; Food Security; and Food Safety 11-12

Virginia Cotton: Harvest, Lint Quality and Yield  11-11

Closing Livestock: Cattle Futures Plunge Lower in The Face of Faltering Feedlot Sales 11-11

Arkansas: Clock Ticking for Wheat Growers 11-11

Georgia: Volatile October Sets Record Temps 11-11

New Tech Tractors that Talk 11-11

Farmers' Program, Industry's Gain 11-11

Resistant Weeds in the Future: Harder to Kill in Soybeans, Rice, Corn, Wheat 11-11

Kentucky Producer Wraps Season Up 11-11

Texas: Subsurface Drip Irrigation - If it works here, it will work anywhere 11-11

Georgia Pecans: Moderate deliveries, export interest widens 11-10

Midsouth Pecans: Very light farmer deliveries, slow but steady demand 11-10

Peanuts: USDA reduces 2009 crop estimate by 1%, sees 30% drop from 2008 11-10

Georgia: New Systems Help Water Applications 11-10

Mississippi: Harvest Rains Hurt Crops 11-10

USDA Reports Preview 11-10

Iowa Farmer Sees Crop Rotation Working 11-10

Pesticide Levels Decline in Corn Belt Rivers 11-10

Wet ethanol production process yields more ethanol and more co-products 11-10

Brazil Readies Cotton Retaliation Against U.S. 11-10

Shortage of Dairy-Quality Hay 11-10

Arkansas: Sun Powers Harvest Progress 11-9

Fruit and Vegetables from STAT

More Ag News | Grain Futures Newswire

Sugar, U.S. Nut Markets

Upcoming Events:

(FD: field day; SS: scout schools)

Kansas State University Management, Analysis and Strategic Thinking Program (MAST), November 16-17. 

Mississippi: Delta Area Rice Meeting and Dinner, November 19 at 6 p.m., Bolivar County Extension Auditorium, Cleveland.

Texas: Agrilife conducts public training on: prescribed burning; comparison of wheat, oats and triticale; herbicide application equipment, November 19,Schleicher County Civic Center, located just south of Eldorado.

Texas High Plains Ag Conference, December 2, AgriLife Research and Extension Center, Lubbock. Contact Scott at 806-775-1680, or r-scott@ag.tamu.edu

Texas 21st Annual Plant Protection Assn. Conference "Application of Agricultural Technology and Management for Changing Times", December 2 & 3, Brazos Center, Bryan.

California: Using Blue Bees In California Almonds, December 7, Masonic Family Center, Chico.

California: Using Blue Bees In California Almonds, December 8, UCCE Stanislaus County Office, Modesto.

Mississippi 2009 Row Crop Short Course, December 7-9, 10 am, Bost Extension Center, Mississippi State University, Registration Form.

Alabama Precision Agriculture and Field Crops Conference, December 8, 8 am, Wind Creek Hotel, Atmore.

California: Almond Industry Conference, Dec. 9-10, Modesto.

2009 USA Rice Outlook Conference, December 9-11, New Orleans Marriott, New Orleans. For more information, contact Jeanette Davis, jdavis@usarice.com.

2010 National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conferences, January 4-7. New Orleans Marriott Hotel and Sheraton New Orleans Hotel.

Kansas: `Keeping the Family Farming´ Workshop, Jan. 9 & 23, Zion Lutheran Church, Beloit (2 sessions).

National Conservation Systems Cotton & Rice Conference
Tunica, MS - Jan. 12-13.

Kansas: `Keeping the Family Farming´ Workshop, Jan. 16 & 30, Fisher Community Center, Hiawatha (2 sessions).

North Carolina Southern Cotton Growers/Southeastern Cotton Ginners Annual Meeting, Jan. 20-23, 2 pm, The Westin, Charlotte.

Louisiana 2010 Agricultural Outlook Conference: “Keeping
Louisiana Agriculture Competitive,"
Jan. 21, State Evacuation Facility, LSU AgCenter's Dean Lee REC, Alexandria.

Kansas: `Keeping the Family Farming´ Workshop, Jan. 9 & 23, Zion Lutheran Church, Beloit (2 sessions).

Kansas: `Keeping the Family Farming´ Workshop, Jan. 16 & 30, Fisher Community Center, Hiawatha (2 sessions).

Louisiana: 75th Annual Livestock Show Feb. 13-20. Lamar-Dixon Expo Center, Gonzales.

RTWG (Rice Technical Working Group) 33rd Conference, Feb. 22-25, Biloxi, MS.

To list an event, contact Owen Taylor

 

 

Pesticide Levels Decline in Corn Belt Rivers

AgFax.Com - Your Online Ag News Source

November 9, 2009 - Concentrations of several major pesticides mostly declined or stayed the same in “Corn Belt” rivers and streams from 1996 to 2006, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study.

The declines in pesticide concentrations closely followed declines in their annual applications, indicating that reducing pesticide use is an effective and reliable strategy for reducing pesticide contamination in streams.

Declines in concentrations of the agricultural herbicides cyanazine, alachlor and metolachlor show the effectiveness of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulatory actions as well as the influence of new pesticide products. In addition, declines from 2000 to 2006 in concentrations of the insecticide diazinon correspond to the EPA’s national phase-out of nonagricultural uses. The USGS works closely with the EPA, which uses USGS findings on pesticide trends to track the effectiveness of changes in pesticide regulations and use.

Scientists studied 11 herbicides and insecticides frequently detected in the Corn Belt region, which generally includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Nebraska and Ohio, as well as parts of adjoining states. This area has among the highest pesticide use in the nation — mostly herbicides used for weed control in corn and soybeans. As a result, these pesticides are widespread in the region’s streams and rivers, largely resulting from runoff from cropland and urban areas.

Elevated concentrations can affect aquatic organisms in streams as well as the quality of drinking water in some high-use areas where surface water is used for municipal supply. Four of the 11 pesticides evaluated for trends were among those most often found in previous USGS studies to occur at levels of potential concern for healthy aquatic life. Atrazine, the most frequently detected, is also regulated in drinking water.

“Pesticide use is constantly changing in response to such factors as regulations, market forces, and advances in science,” said Dan Sullivan, lead scientist for the study. “For example, acetochlor was registered by the EPA in 1994 with a goal of reducing use of alachlor and other major corn herbicides — acetochlor use rapidly increased to a constant level by about 1996, and alachlor use declined. Cyanazine use also decreased rapidly from 1992 to 2000, as it was phased out because of environmental concerns. Metolachlor use did not markedly decrease until about 1998, when S-metolachlor, a more effective version that requires lower application rates, was introduced. Each of these declines in use was accompanied by similar declines in concentrations.”

Although trends in concentration and use almost always closely corresponded, concentrations of atrazine and metolachlor each declined in one stream more rapidly than their estimated use. According to Skip Vecchia, senior author of the report on this analysis, “The steeper decline in these instances may be caused by agricultural management practices that have reduced pesticide transport, but data on management practices are not adequate to definitively answer the question. Overall, use is the most dominant factor driving changes in concentrations.”

Only one pesticide — simazine, which is used for both agricultural and urban weed control — increased from 1996 to 2006. Concentrations of simazine in some streams increased more sharply than its trend in agricultural use, suggesting that non-agricultural uses of this herbicide, such as for controlling weeds in residential areas and along roadsides, increased during the study period.

The USGS study is based on analysis of 11 pesticides for 31 stream sites in the Corn Belt for two partially overlapping time periods: 1996 to 2002 and 2000 to 2006. Pesticides included in the trend analyses were the herbicides atrazine, acetochlor, metolachlor, alachlor, cyanazine, EPTC, simazine, metribuzin and prometon, and the insecticides chlorpyrifos and diazinon. Additional detailed analyses of relations between concentrations and use focused on four herbicides mainly used for weed control in corn (atrazine, acetochlor, metolachlor and alachlor) at a subset of 11 sites on the main rivers and selected large tributaries in the Ohio, Upper Mississippi and Missouri River basins.

Concentrations of many other pesticides that were less prevalent than the 11 included in the study were below analytical detection limits in most samples and thus could not be analyzed for trends. Glyphosate, an herbicide which has had rapidly increasing use on new genetically modified varieties of soybeans and corn, and which now is the most heavily used herbicide in the nation, was not measured until late in the study and thus had insufficient data for analysis of trends.

A USGS Scientific Investigations Report, ”Trends in Pesticide Concentrations in Corn-Belt Streams, 1996-2006,” (Analysis of concentration trends for 11 pesticides at 31 stream and river sites) and a journal article in the Environmental Science and Technology journal, “Trends in Concentrations and Use of Agricultural Herbicides for Corn Belt Rivers” (Analysis of concentration and use trends for 4 herbicides at 11 major river sites) is available online. Additional information, including data, reports and maps on pesticide status, trends and use may be found at the USGS Pesticide National Synthesis Project Web site.