Weekly Cotton Market Review – USDA

    Line of modules during cotton harvest. ©Debra L Ferguson

    Average spot quotations were up 100 points from the previous week, according to the USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service’s Cotton and Tobacco Program. Quotations for the base quality of cotton (color 41, leaf 4, staple 34, mike 35-36 and 43-49, strength 27.0-28.9, and uniformity 81.0-81.9) in the seven designated markets averaged 66.10 cents per pound for the week ending Thursday, November 19, 2020.

    The weekly average was up from 65.10 last week and 60.31 cents reported the corresponding period a year ago. Daily average quotations ranged from a low of 64.35 cents Friday, November 13 to a high of 66.79 cents Wednesday,  November 18.

    Spot transactions reported in the Daily Spot Cotton Quotations for the week ended November 19 totaled 55,843 bales. This compares to 22,630 reported last week and 36,236 spot transactions reported the corresponding week a year ago.

    Total spot transactions for the season were 395,734 bales compared to 307,581 bales the corresponding week a year ago. The ICE March settlement price ended the week at 71.67 cents, compared to 70.62 cents last week.

    USDA ANNOUNCES SPECIAL IMPORT QUOTA #5 FOR UPLAND COTTON November 19, 2020

    The Department of Agriculture’s Commodity Credit Corporation announced a special import quota for upland cotton that permits importation of a quantity of upland cotton equal to one week’s domestic mill use. The quota will be established on November 26, 2020, allowing importation of 8,108,926 kilograms (37,244 bales of 480-lbs) of upland cotton.

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    Quota number 5 will be established as of November 26, 2020 and will apply to upland cotton purchased not later than February 23, 2021 and entered into the U.S. not later than May 24, 2021. The quota is equivalent to one week’s consumption of cotton by domestic mills at the seasonally-adjusted average rate for the period July 2020 through September 2020, the most recent three months for which data are available.

    Future quotas, in addition to the quantity announced, will be established if price conditions warrant.

    Southeastern Markets Regional Summary

    Spot cotton trading was moderate. Supplies and producer offerings were moderate. Demand was good. Average local spot prices were higher. Trading of CCC-loan equities was inactive. The COVID-19 Pandemic continues to negatively affect cotton demand and disrupt supply chains.

    Mostly sunny to partly cloudy conditions prevailed across Alabama, the Florida Panhandle, and Georgia during the period. Daytime high temperatures in the mid-to-upper 70s dropped into the 60s as a cold front moved across the region late in the week. Harvesting activities progressed at a good pace and producers were attempting to get as much cotton off the stalk as possible ahead of wet weather in the nearby forecast.

    Across the lower Southeast, yield and quality loss continues to be observed due to persistent wet weather during the fall. Boll-rot, hard locked bolls, and seeds sprouting in bolls continue to be reported. Backlogs of modules continued to accumulate on gin yards and ginning continued uninterrupted. According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service’s (NASS) Crop Progress report released November 16, cotton harvested had reached 71 percent in Alabama and 61 percent in Georgia; both figures were behind the NASS five-year average.

    In the upper Southeast, mostly cloudy conditions over the weekend gave way to sunny skies as a cold front moved across the Carolinas and Virginia later in the week. Daytime high temperatures in the 70s dropped into the 50s. In some areas, fields were slow to dry following heavy rainfall received late last week from Tropical Storm Eta. Field activities resumed as fields became firm enough to support equipment.

    Harvesting advanced in the Carolinas and at a slower pace in Virginia. Producers were attempting to get as much cotton off the stalk ahead of wet weather forecast next week. Backlogs of modules were accumulating on gin yards and ginning continued uninterrupted. According to the NASS Crop Progress report released November 16, cotton harvested had reached 59 percent completed in the Carolinas and 40 percent completed in Virginia; figures well behind the NASS five-year average.

    Textile Mill

    Inquiries from domestic mill buyers was light, no sales were reported. Reports indicated that mills continued to incrementally increase operating schedules as warranted by finished product demand and as allowed by available labor. Additional inquiries from domestic mill buyers were light. Yarn demand was good. Mills continued to produce personal protective equipment for frontline workers and military supplies.

    Demand through export channels was light. Agents throughout the Far East inquired for any discounted styles of cotton.

    Trading

    • A moderate volume of color 31 and 41, leaf 3 and 4, staple 38-40, mike 35-49, strength 29-32, and uniformity 80-83 sold for around 75 to 125 points on ICE March futures, FOB car/truck (Rule 5, compression charges paid).
    • A moderate volume of color mostly 41, leaf 3 and 4, staple 37-39, mike 35-49, strength 31-33, and uniformity 81-83 sold for around even to 25 points on ICE March futures, same terms as above.
    • Mixed lots containing color mostly 41, leaf 3-5, staple 35-38, mike 37-49, strength 28-30, and uniformity 79-81 sold for around 125 points off ICE March futures, same terms as above.

    South Central Markets Regional Summary

    North Delta

    Spot cotton trading was active. Supplies of available cotton were moderate. Demand was moderate. Average local spot prices were higher. Trading of CCC-loan equities was inactive. No forward contracting was reported. Merchants purchased a light volume of catalog cotton forfeited to the CCC-loan. The COVID-19 Pandemic continues to negatively impact the overall global economy and daily infection rates were steadily increasing in many areas.

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    Warm daytime temperatures dominated the weather pattern during the week. Highs were in the upper 60s and 70s. Chilly overnight lows were in the 30s and 40s. No precipitation was reported during the period. Field activities progressed rapidly under good conditions as cotton was harvested, stalks shredded, and fields worked for planting next spring. Producers reported that yields were off slightly from earlier estimates, but they were generally pleased with the results.

    According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Crop Progress report released on November 16, cotton harvested had reached 95 percent completed in Arkansas, 78 in Missouri, and 78 percent in Tennessee. These figures remained near the five-year average in Arkansas and Tennessee, and about two weeks behind average in Missouri.

    South Delta

    Spot cotton trading was inactive. Supplies of available cotton were moderate. Demand was light. Average local spot prices were higher. Trading of CCC-loan equities was inactive. No forward contracting was reported. Merchants purchased a light volume of catalog cotton forfeited to the CCC-loan. The COVID-19 Pandemic continues to negatively impact economic activity around the world and daily infection rates were steadily increasing in many areas.

    Above average daytime temperatures prevailed during the week. Highs were in the low 70s. Overnight lows were in the 40s to 60s. No rainfall was reported during the week. Field activities progressed rapidly under good conditions as cotton was harvested, stalks shredded, and fields prepped for planting next spring. Producers reported that yields were slightly lower than mid-season expectations, but they were generally happy with the results.

    According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service’s (NASS) Crop Progress report released on November 16, harvesting advanced slowly and reached 97 percent completed in Louisiana and 91 percent in Mississippi. Harvesting was near the NASS five-year average in both states as harvesting neared completion.

    Trading

    North Delta

    • A moderate volume color mostly 31 and better, leaf 3 and better, staple 36 and longer, mike 40-50, strength 28-33, and uniformity 80-83 traded for around 75.50 cents per pound, FOB car/truck (Rule 5, compression charges paid).
    • A light volume of 2019-crop, CCC-Catalog cotton, color 31 and better, leaf 4 and better, staple 35 and longer, mike averaging 45.5, strength averaging 31.4, uniformity averaging 81.4, and 100 percent extraneous matter (Level 1 Plastic) sold for 24.25 cents, FOB warehouse (compression charges not paid).

    South Delta

    • A light volume of 2019-crop, CCC-Catalog cotton, color 31 and better, leaf 3 and better, staple 39, mike averaging 49.0, strength averaging 31.3, uniformity averaging 81.9, and 100 percent extraneous matter (Level 1 Plastic) sold for 24.25 cents per pound, FOB warehouse (compression charges not paid).

    Southwestern Markets Regional Summary

    East Texas

    Spot cotton trading was active. Supplies and producer offerings were heavy. Demand was good. Average local spot prices were higher. Producer interest in forward contracting was light. Trading of CCC-loan equities was moderate. Foreign inquiries were heavy. Interest was best from Pakistan and Turkey. An open invitation to bid on a light volume of 2019-crop CCC-Catalog cotton closed on November 18. The COVID-19 Pandemic continued to influence market uncertainty and impact global cotton demand.

    Ginning continued to slow in the Upper Coast and Coastal Bend as many pressed the last bale of the season at their locations. Ginning continued uninterrupted in the Winter Garden area. Stalks were shredded and fertilizer was applied. Fields were prepped for winter. The Corpus Christi Classing Office was around 90 percent completed grading sample receipts for the territory. The compresses were busy loading and shipping bales.

    Windy conditions in Kansas caused gins to temporarily stop operations for fire safety on November 18. Harvesting was also stalled until the winds subsided. Gins made plans to expand shifts in the coming days to accommodate the flow of modules to the gin yards. Cotton harvested was 42 percent completed, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service’s (NASS) Crop Progress report released on November 16.

    Oklahoma cotton harvested was 54 percent completed, according to NASS. Local reports indicated that some producers were as much as 80 percent completed. Ginning was around 40 percent completed. Modules continued to be hauled from the fields to the gin yards at a steady pace.

    West Texas

    Spot cotton trading was active. Supplies and producer offerings were heavy. Demand was very good. Average local spot prices were higher. Producer interest in forward contracting was light. Trading of CCC-loan equities was moderate. Foreign inquiries were heavy. Interest was best from Pakistan and Turkey. The COVID-19 Pandemic continued to impact commodity markets and global cotton demand. Infection spikes continued to pressure local medical institutions and resources.

    A cold front pushed through the area early in the reporting period with wind gusts as much as 50 miles per hour that interfered with harvesting and ginning activities. Unseasonably warm weather dominated the rest of the period and harvesting made good progress. Daytime temperatures were in the low 50s to upper 80s, with overnight lows in the 30s to 50s. No rainfall was received and topsoil continued to dry. Modules were hauled to the gin yards for processing. Ginning continued uninterrupted.

    Trading

    East Texas

    • In Texas, a heavy volume of mostly color 31 and 41, leaf 2-4, staple 35 and 36, mike averaging 39.8, strength 27-29, and uniformity 79-81 sold for around 67.00 cents per pound, FOB warehouse (compression charges not paid).
    • A moderate volume of cotton mostly color 41 and 42, leaf 3 and 4, staple 36 and longer, mike 39-48, strength 28-31, and uniformity 78-83 sold for around 64.25 cents, same terms as above.
    • In Oklahoma, a moderate volume of cotton mostly color 11 and 21, leaf 3 and better, staple 38 and longer, mike 37-44, strength 30-33, and uniformity 78-82 sold for around 73.00 cents, FOB car/truck (compression charges not paid).
    • A moderate volume of CCC-loan equities traded for 1.00 to 7.50 cents.
    • A light volume of 2019-crop CCC-catalog cotton, color 32 and better, leaf 4 and better, staple 35 and longer, mike 39-48, strength 28-32, uniformity 79-82, and 100 percent extraneous matter (Level 1 Plastic) sold for 23.25 to 24.25 cents, FOB warehouse (compression charges not paid).

    West Texas

    • A heavy volume of cotton containing mostly color 11 and 21, leaf 1 and 2, staple 36 and longer, mike 30-49, strength 26-33, and uniformity 77-81, sold for around 73.00 cents per pound, FOB car/truck (compression charges not paid).
    • A moderate volume of lots mostly color 21 and 31, leaf 3 and 4, staple 36-37, mike averaging 48.1, strength 31-33, and uniformity 81-82 sold for 70.00 to 70.75 cents, same terms as above.
    • A moderate volume of mostly color 32 and 33, leaf 3 and 4, staple 34-36, mike averaging 38.3, strength 29-31, uniformity 77-80, and 25 percent extraneous matter sold for around 60.50 cents, same terms as above.
    • A moderate volume of CCC-loan equities traded for 0.25 to 6.25 cents.

    Western Markets Regional Summary

    Desert Southwest (DSW)

    Spot cotton trading was slow. Supplies and producer offerings were moderate. Demand was light. Average local spot prices were higher. Producers delivered previously contracted cotton to merchant and cooperative marketing pools. No forward contracting or domestic mill activity was reported. Foreign mill inquiries were moderate. The COVID-19 Pandemic continues to pressure the U.S. economy.

    Mostly sunny conditions were prevalent in central Arizona. Temperatures were in the 80s and 90s. No rainfall was recorded in the period. Sources estimated harvest at around 80 to 85 percent completed. Ginning continued. New Mexico and El Paso, TX saw mostly sunny conditions with temperatures in the 70s. Nice weather allowed harvest to make good progress. New Mexico sources estimated harvest to be around 40 percent completed and 80 percent in El Paso, TX. Warehouses were busy shipping cotton.

    San Joaquin Valley (SJV)

    Spot cotton trading was inactive. Supplies and demand were light. Producers delivered previously contracted cotton to merchant and cooperative marketing pools. Average local spot prices were higher. The COVID-19 Pandemic continues to negatively impact the U.S. economy. No forward contracting or domestic mill activity was reported. Foreign mill inquiries were light.

    Daytime high temperatures were in the 60s to 70s, with a couple of foggy mornings in the period. Overnight lows were in the 40s. Harvesting was virtually completed. Producers shredded stalks in compliance with the California Pink bollworm program. Fields were prepped for winter plantings. Ginning continued uninterrupted.

    American Pima (AP)

    Spot cotton trading was inactive. Supplies of 2019-crop were light and were moderate for 2020-crop cotton. Demand was moderate. Average local spot prices were steady. Producers delivered previously contracted cotton to merchant and cooperative marketing pools. No forward contracting or domestic mill activity was reported.

    Foreign mill inquiries were moderate. Interest was best from China for 2020-crop cotton. Shippers continued to offer and sell 2019-crop cotton. Reported sales were for prompt shipment. The COVID-19 Pandemic slowed the U.S. economy and the spike in new infections overseas affected the progress of global economies.

    Cold temperatures descended into the Far West early in the reporting period. Far West temperatures were in the 70s to 90s. A cold front pushed through, which brought very little moisture to the San Joaquin Valley (SJV) of California. Harvesting advanced throughout the region. SJV producers reported that some fields were slow to open fully after defoliation. Micronaire quality is trending higher compared to previous years. Ginning was steady.

    Trading

    Desert Southwest

    • A moderate volume of Arizona cotton color 11 and 21, leaf 2 and better, staple 35 and longer, mike 36-52, strength 26-35, and uniformity 78-83 sold for around 70.25 cents per pound, uncompressed, FOB warehouse.
    • A light volume of New Mexico cotton mostly color 21, leaf 2 and better, staple 36 and 37, mike averaging 43.1, strength averaging 31.9, and uniformity averaging 80.8 sold for around 72.00 cents, FOB car/truck (compression charges not paid).

    San Joaquin Valley

    • No trading activity was reported.

    American Pima

    • No trading activity was reported.



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