“I saw a little stink bug damage to bolls yesterday (7/13). They are also in sorghum. Aside from that, there’s not much going on.
“A few weeds are coming up. Guys are doing their best to keep fields clean and not allow weeds to produce seed that can cause problems next year.”
Suhas Vyavhare, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Entomologist, Lubbock:
“Insects are quiet for the most part. There are only scattered reports of fleahoppers, and a few farmers have sprayed. We’re seeing early blooms so fields are pretty much safe from fleahoppers. There are a good numbers of lady beetles and minute pirate bugs. They are beneficial insects, and we need to protect them and not apply unnecessary insecticides.
“Don’t confuse square loss from fleahoppers with loss due to high temperatures. Today we’re hitting 109 to 110 (7/14) and it will cause square loss.
“Growers need to watch for bollworms as we see more blooms. For now, my moth trap numbers are low.”
Robert Flynn, New Mexico State University Extension Soils/Agronomist, Artesia:
“My cotton trials are about thigh high and doing well. They were planted the third week of April. There is solid boll formation, and plants are still blooming.
“The heat is our biggest issue. It has been a long string of days in the 100s, which are forecast to be around until next week. But as long as irrigation water holds up, the crop should prosper in the heat.
“Weed problems are mostly gone, and insect pressure has been light. There are no reports of diseases.”
Todd Baughman, Oklahoma State University Institute for Agricultural Biosciences, Research Professor, Ardmore:
“The majority of cotton is still running behind. The crop just never took off. A few patches looked better in the past week or two. We should have seen the first blooms by July 4th, and most fields haven’t bloomed yet.
“There is a positive. We received a good rain 2 weeks ago, and it helped dryland fields, which got a good stand. I’m concerned about the irrigated. Every day you’re behind does not translate to maximizing yields.
“There have been isolated issues with grasshoppers and a little aphid pressure, but nothing serious. Since we’re just now getting into bloom, insect pressure could pick up. Guys need to scout for them.
“Weed flushes after the rain have needed treatments. As a rule, preemerge herbicides haven’t held up as well as would have been expected.”
Kerry Siders, Texas A&M AgriLife IPM Agent Hockley, Cochran & Lamb Counties:
“There was an increase in fleahopper activity last week. We treated 2 out of 10 fields. So even though the crop is relatively young and not flowering, producers should not overlook fleahoppers.
“It’s 108 today (7/14). Generally, the heat is suppressing most insect pests, but we still need to scout. With many abandoned fields, insects are migrating into islands of green, irrigated fields. We’ve seen a few lygus and stink bugs, but nothing alarming. Growers still need to keep an eye on them.
“Irrigation is a priority. With wind and heat, it’s tough to stay ahead of moisture demands. Hopefully, the weather pattern will break if growers can stay with it another week or so.
If possible, change from sprinkler to a bubbler mode or drag hoses to get water to ground more efficiently. Water as much as you can. Try to make the circle in a reasonable amount of time of 5 to 6 days and apply 1″ or more. If it takes more days, speed it up. Anything more than 6 days means fruit is not getting enough water to prevent stress.
“It’s a tough crop report when it’s 108. But we need to manage the heat and our resources carefully.”
AgFax.Com News Links
Shurley on Cotton: Smaller U.S. Crop Seems More and More Likely 7-14
Weekly Cotton Market Review – USDA 7-10
Cleveland On Cotton: Bright Spots, But Still Plenty Of Shadows 7-10
Global Markets: Cotton – State Reserve Impacts China Import Demand 7-10
Dicamba: Off-Target, Once Again – DTN 7-10
Oklahoma Cotton: Bollworm Management Considerations 7-10
West Texas Sorghum: Sugarcane Aphids Make Appearance 7-14
Texas Plains Cotton: Beneficial Rains, Insects Creeping Up 7-14
Texas Upper Coast Cotton: Mostly Passed Insect Concern 7-14
Texas LRGV Cotton: Heavy Boll Loads, Late Season Thrips 7-10
South, Central Texas Corn: An Unusual Year for Diseases 7-10
Texas High Plains IPM: Fleahoppers Rise, Irrigation Critical – Podcast 7-9