Alan Sietz, Nutrien Ag Solutions, Wilcox, Arizona:
“Most cotton is at pinhead-square, and Lygus applications are going out, particularly where they’re cutting hay. Those treatments will likely knock down fleahoppers as well. These sprays come after the chinch bug treatments that were applied in the spring.
“We’re also making mepiquat PGR applications, as well as our second herbicide applications for bindweed, morning glory and spurred anoda. That’s a mix of either Roundup and Xtendimax, or Roundup and Liberty. There are also a few acres with Enlist technology.
“Since the dicamba decision, we’re loading up on Tavium from Syngenta, which was not ruled illegal by the California court. It’s an alternative herbicide for crops with the dicamba technology system. I’m still learning more about its use. Tavium just received a label within the past few months, whereas Xtendimax, Engenia and FeXapan were labeled about 2 years ago.
“The region had a few showers over the weekend. We’ll start thinking about rust control applications if the rain continues. Corn looks good, but hot weather is putting a little pressure on it and alfalfa. A shortage of water is catching up with growers on the third alfalfa cutting.”
Brad Easterling, Texas A&M AgriLife IPM Agent, Glasscock, Reagan & Upton Counties:
“The little cotton we have ranges from cotyledon to 9-leaf that’s just beginning to square. The younger irrigated cotton is seeing thrips pressure. We haven’t sprayed yet. It’s hard to tell thrips damage from blowing sand damage. It’s about 2 weeks away from when fleahoppers could start invading squares. We have our eyes peeled for them as weeds die down on the edges of fields.
“Due to the dry conditions that don’t seem to end, weeds aren’t bad so far. But we have concerns since the Xtend situation is up in the air. We don’t have the resistance issues growers face further north. However, we still have resistant carelessweed and pigweed. We have used dicamba on morning glory and bindweed in the past.
“Our hot and dry weather has taken a toll on dryland production. Only a small portion of dryland cotton will come up. The earlier stuff will make it, but not without more rain. Cotton that was dusted-in a half-inch deep may work if the rain comes. Unfortunately, there’s none in the forecast.
“Corn also has a lot of thrips. It’s starting to suffer due to dry conditions. It’s pollinating, but growers are having a hard time keeping enough irrigation applied.”
Chris Locke, CSL Consulting Inc., Sudan, Texas/Eastern New Mexico:
“We had thrips pressure early in irrigated fields. Insecticide was sprayed on nearly all cotton, and one application handled them. Plants aren’t advanced enough to experience pressure from fleahoppers, but they will be in a couple of weeks.
“Growers are also watching for mites, which are prevalent in corn. Mites are starting to flare with the hot, dry weather. Corn that’s 8- to 10-leaf is receiving a Comite treatment and we’re planning on using it on every acre. Most corn is stacked-up in Bt technology, so there are no rootworm issues.
“There aren’t many weeds in cotton because of dry conditions, but there are a few escapes of Kochia and tumbleweed in no-till fields. Growers are having trouble killing them with dicamba and Roundup. Thankfully there are no large outbreaks of new weeds.
“As for the dry weather, it has produced an ugly situation. Dryland is nothing at all. Many growers just dusted-in dryland fields to meet the June 10 cutoff for insurance. The irrigated crop is so-so. About 25 to 30% that emerged couldn’t withstand the wind. I have 2,000 to 3,000 irrigated acres with nothing on them. A few growers planted what is likely 4,000 to 5,000 acres of Pima. They’re hoping that will work with the irrigation water we have. Others will come back with a grain crop.
“There is, however, one shiny spot. Peanuts are doing well and look good. Most guys who have peanuts are half peanuts and half cotton. They’ll probably stick with peanuts and hope they can keep up with the irrigation.”
John Thobe, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension IPM Agent, Bailey, Castro & Parmer Counties:
“This area of the southwestern Panhandle needs moisture to help us get more out of our irrigation. High winds and dry weather have hurt early-planted cotton and other crops. There is no dryland production, and irrigated fields are seeing pressure on young terminal growth.
“Thrips in cotton are few, but they are heavy in much of the corn. Corn is at the V-7 to V-8 stage. Once it dries out, thrips will move to cotton, but plant growth should be past the stage for damage. Predators will also be fighting back. The only other insect I’ve seen in cotton is the false chinch bug.”
Clyde Crumley, Crumley Agricultural Consulting, El Campo, Texas:
“Stink bug populations are heavy in corn as it continues to dry down. Then they’re moving into cotton. We’re forced to treat many cotton fields where we’re finding adult and nymph stink bugs.
“We’re also on the leading edge of bollworm activity. A few Bollgard 2 fields needed spraying last week. A large egg lay has gradually increased. It usually peaks around Father’s Day, which is this weekend.