Arkansas Rice: Crop Insurance Coverage for Furrow-Irrigated Fields – 7 Requirements

Young furrow planted rice field, pre-flood. Photo: By Dan Roach, Ext. Associate, Mississippi State University

Arkansas Rice: Crop Insurance Coverage for Furrow-Irrigated Fields – 7 Requirements

Furrow-irrigated rice (FIR) or row rice is now an insurable practice. However, there are a few requirements in order for it to be insurable. Here are 7 of them:

#1. Select a cultivar rated as:

  • Moderately resistant (MR) or resistant (R) to blast disease based on respective state university disease reaction ratings; or
  • Moderately susceptible (MS) to blast disease, if managed with appropriate fungicides and practices to specifically minimize that susceptibility.

#2. Plant utilizing drill seeding or broadcast seeding into an un-flooded seedbed. Broadcast seeding into a controlled flood is not allowed.

#3. Provide irrigation capacity and equipment capable of applying water down each furrow to ensure adequate water delivery to all rice plants in the field.

#4. Utilize adequate row spacing and row depth to convey water evenly throughout the field, allowing for complete saturation of the entire field.

#5. Apply irrigation every three days but no more than five days in the absence of adequate rainfall events until the crop reaches maturity, unless otherwise recommended by a local agricultural expert.

#6. Document irrigation and rainfall events. That documentation must be made available upon request.

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#7. Comply with all good farming practices for rice as well as recommendations of local agricultural experts for timing of irrigation events, fertilization, and weed control for furrow irrigation.

There have been questions about utilizing other cultivars, such as Jupiter, that only rate as susceptible (S) for blast.

This would not be insurable. However, it is our expectation and observation that Jupiter can do well in FIR because despite a tendency for leaf blast it is less prone to develop neck blast – but Jupiter in FIR is not insurable based on the listed requirements.

Other cultivars may also be grown successfully in FIR, but again the risk is much greater than for cultivars rated R, MR, or MS to blast, and are therefore not insurable. Extreme caution should be used when considering blastsusceptible cultivars for FIR.

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