Rice: Yield Reports Trickle In From SW Louisiana – AgFax

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Owen Taylor, Editor

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Here is this week’s issue of AgFax Rice, sponsored by the Southern rice team of Corteva Agriscience.

OVERVIEW

Harvest progressed only slightly in the coastal rice belt since our last report. Combines gnawed off a small percentage of the crop in Texas and southwest Louisiana. Rainy weather this week put harvest on hold in south Louisiana. See comments from Dustin Harrell for initial yield reports in southwest Louisiana.

Midsouth growers are draining more of the earliest fields.

Stink bug treatments continue in parts of the Midsouth and also in Texas. Billbugs are taking a bite out of row rice in Arkansas, something that also has been happening in Mississippi.

Also of Note: In our links section, connect to the latest USDA world rice prices, an overview on one crop advisor’s approach to rice weed control and Little Rock’s upcoming celebration of Arkansas agriculture.

SCHOLARSHIPS FOR “RICE” KIDS

Connect to details about the USA Rice Federation’s 2020 scholarship program. which offers a total of $8,500 to the top three entries. Contestants are required to produce an original 3-minute or less video about U.S. rice, National Rice Month, and the importance of rice to their state.

Eligible applicants must be enrolled in a 2020 high school graduating class and live in the rice-growing states of Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri or Texas.

Deadline for entries is October 31.

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CROP REPORTS

M.O. Way, Texas A&M Entomologist, Beaumont:

“Rice harvest is under way on a limited basis. No firm yield reports yet, but consultants tell me the numbers are about average so far. Some kernel smut is out there. Stink bug populations have been kind of typical.”

Jack Haney, South Arkansas Crop Consulting, Pine Bluff, Arkansas:

“We’re done with a few early fields, and that’s giving us a bit of relief, but plenty of late fields are still out there. We will drain a handful of early fields this week, probably tomorrow (8/1). The total on that is maybe 400 acres and much of the rest of the crop is still another few weeks out.

“This is about normal for when we drain a little rice. In this case, the grower was able to plant early and went with a really early variety, so it finished quickly. But most of our rice crop is about 3 weeks behind. In previous years, about half the crop would be finished up as we went into August, but that’s not the case this year.

“We sprayed all that early rice for rice stink bugs and some of it twice before we finally beat them down. Where later rice is starting to head, stink bugs are hit or miss. We’re still spraying but for lower numbers. With that first rice, counts were running 2X to 3X threshold. In fields we’re treating now, counts are at threshold.

“In soybeans, we’re picking up a few bollworms and treated one field last week. They’re increasing slightly and we will likely spray additional fields this week. Redbanded stink bugs are showing up but nothing is at treatment level. Our corn is done. We will water a handful of late fields next week, and that will be it.”

Gus Lorenz, Arkansas Extension IPM Specialist:

“Rice stink bug (RSB) populations are up and down. Numbers have actually dropped in some fields that seemed destined for a treatment. This week, a bunch of people reported situations where they found plentiful amounts last week but hardly any now.

“In other fields, especially in south Arkansas, rice is just beginning to head, and folks report counts in places at 10 to 20 RSB per 10 sweeps.

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“In row rice across the state, billbugs are turning up. We’re trying to determine their effect on yields. Frankly, we don’t know a lot about them. They’ve always been around but never turned into a huge problem because the flood handled them. But row rice is a different scenario, and we see a significant number of dead tillers associated with them. Without any trouble, you can find billbugs in nearly every row rice field in the state.”

Richard Griffing, Griffing Consulting, LLC, Monterey, Louisiana:

“I’ve drained about 20% of my rice acres, and the crop is moving along nicely. We’ve dealt with high stink bug numbers and sprayed, but we haven’t had to retreat.”

Blake Foust, Consultant, Southern Heritage Cotton, LLC, Forrest City, Arkansas:

“Most of the rice is heading, and we’ve seen only a few stink bugs. The crop appears to be heading toward success.”

Scott Holder, Helena Chemical Co., Cleveland, Mississippi:

“We drained a little rice yesterday (7/30) and will continue with that a bit more this weekend and into the first of next week. Only a small percentage is ready but that will increase a good deal over the next 7 to 10 days.

“Someone will probably cut the first sample around August 15. Typically, that starts here on about August 20, but growers cut a few samples around August 15 in the last couple of years. I can remember people sampling as early as August 12 a few years ago.

“Our rice looks nice, although you never know how it will turn out until the combine begins moving. Mostly, stands are good and clean. Any real blanking doesn’t seem apparent. We’ve pretty much sprayed everything for stink bugs. Numbers were quite bad in certain places but borderline in others.

“Growers wrapped up watering on about 90% of the corn we work. Some corn harvest will probably begin in two weeks or less where growers have dryers.

“We sprayed bollworms in most of our soybeans that were either planted or replanted in mid to late May. Our April beans are podded up, and we can hardly find anything in those fields.”

Mike Simmons, M&J Ag Consulting, LLC, Jonesboro, Arkansas:

“I don’t have any fields ready to drain yet. Typically, we expect that to begin on or just after August 8, but this year we’re probably two weeks away (as of 7/31) from the first fields being ready. Overall, the crop looks average to fair, and a handful of fields have headed. We’ve contended with a lot of grass and red rice pressure this season.

“The first two or three fields headed out a couple of weeks ago, and we did have to spray that part of the crop for rice stink bugs. The numbers ran 9 to 15 on 10 sweeps, which still weren’t as high as people reported in south Arkansas. We sprayed once, and counts have pretty well remained below threshold.

“More rice is heading out now and counts are running 3.5 to 4.5 per 10 sweeps, with the threshold at 5 per 10 sweeps in the first two weeks of heading. We haven’t treated that rice yet and will see if the numbers drop next week. If the counts come up any, we will spray.

 “Our soybeans range from V4 all the way to R3.5. We haven’t had to treat them yet, although corn earworms might become an issue in the next 10 to 14 days as they come out of corn. In corn, we’re at about 50% on the starch layer. It rained 1.5 to 2 inches a couple of days ago, so we’re finished with watering.”

DeWayne Dopslauf, Crop Production Services, Wharton, Texas:

“Draining started in a little rice, and we hope to move into a limited amount of harvest next week. Stink bug treatments are still going out on some late rice.

“Draining began just about on schedule, although part of this crop is still running behind. The crops on the east and west sides of Houston are pretty close together, age-wise, which isn’t always the case. With so many fields going to prevented planting this year, acreage is way down, and it also doesn’t seem like we have as wide a range of crop ages as we normally expect.

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“Overall, the crop looks good. I’ve seen fields that are nearly ready for harvest. I don’t like to predict too much, but I do think this will be a decent crop if those first fields are any indication.”

Jarrod T. Hardke, Arkansas Extension Rice Specialist:

“The crop is kind of easing along, although it could use a few more heat units. From the human standpoint, it’s hot and humid enough that you need to be careful. Even though it’s 89 today (7/31), it can quickly wear you out as you move around the field. I call this ‘sneaky heat’ because the thermometer doesn’t tell you how miserable or even dangerous conditions are.

“Rice, on the other hand, would benefit from just a little more heat.

“Draining has maybe started in the very earliest fields, although I haven’t heard of anyone who’s turned loose of any rice. Growers are at least prepping to drain a few of those first-planted acres. Several guys told me they are pumping through for the last time and then will prepare to drain in a week or so. People are greasing their combines and putting trucks in place.

“That July cool spell threw a small wrinkle into the crop’s progress towards heading. Temperature-wise, conditions have improved, but last week the readings dropped into the low 60s in places at night and remained in the low to mid-80s during the day. With any rice that was close to heading, those lower temperatures put it on hold.

“Also, rice always takes time to restart after it encounters a stretch of below-average temperatures, regardless of the time of the year or the crop stage. Panicles are coming out now, but last week’s cold front will add a few days to that particular part of the crop.”

Dustin Harrell, Louisiana Rice Extension Specialist, LSU Rice Research Station, Crowley:

“Initial yield reports seem off a little for the early rice, which tends to be our best rice. A few reports came in in the mid-30s (barrels/acre), although the bulk is in the mid-40s. I’d like to see the general pattern closer to 50. A couple of people reported non-hybrids at 49 and 50, but most are lower.

“All of this is from a small sample size from early varieties and a little hybrid harvested last week. Until harvest gains momentum, we lack enough information to get a good handle on yield trends.

“It’s rained frequently enough in southwest and central Louisiana that things are at a standstill. Quite a bit of rain has fallen where rice is ready, so I can’t say how much progress growers can make right away.”

ALSO OF NOTE
mature_rice_heads_mississippi_state_university-150x150%5B1%5D(1).jpg
prevailing world market prices of milled and rough rice, adjusted for U.S. milling yields and location.
rice-combine-harvest-DF-20160903-067-150x150%5B1%5D.jpg
Sponsored by Corteva Agriscience, the USA Rice Federation’s National Rice Month Scholarship Contest annually awards $8,500 in scholarships.
rice-green-heading-DF-20040824-011-150x150%5B1%5D.jpg
Rotating herbicide modes of action throughout the season maximizes weed control and minimizes resistance development, improving profitability potential.
rice-young-flood-sunrise-DF-20050602-0003-150x150%5B1%5D(1).jpg
Downtown on the Farm will invite the public for an agricultural experience right in the heart of downtown Little Rock.

AgFax Rice: Midsouth/Texas is published by AgFax Media LLC
Owen Taylor, Editorial Director.
 
Working-Copy%5B1%5D.jpgThis weekly report is distributed during the cotton production season. It is available to United States residents engaged in cotton farming, field scouting and other qualifying ag professions. Mailing address: 142 Westlake Drive, Brandon, MS 39047. Office: 601-992-9488.
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