Farm Trade Aid: MFP Signup – Crops, Rules, Eligibility Changes

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USDA released specific information on the second round of Market Facilitation Program (MFP) this week.

Quick Program Basics:

  • Signup begins July 29.
  • Qualifying acres must be planted by August 1.
  • Payments are based on 2019 planted acres.
  • Payments will be made by the Farm Service Agency (FSA) under the authority of the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Charter Act to ag producers.

MFP assistance for the non-specialty crops listed below is based on a single county payment rate multiplied by a farm’s total plantings of MFP-eligible crops in aggregate in 2019. Those per-acre payments are not dependent on which of those crops are planted in 2019. A producer’s total payment-eligible plantings cannot exceed total 2018 plantings. County payment rates range from $15 to $150 per acre, depending on the impact of unjustified trade retaliation in that county. MFP Crops include:

  • Corn
  • Soybeans
  • Cotton – extra-long staple cotton and upland
  • Wheat
  • Rice – long and medium grain and temperate japonica
  • Peanuts
  • Sorghum
  • Alfalfa hay
  • Barley
  • Canola
  • Crambe
  • Dried beans, dry peas
  • Flaxseed, lentils, millet, mustard seed, oats, rapeseed, rye, safflower, sesame seed, small and large chickpeas, sunflower seed, and triticale

Non-Specialty Crops and Cover Crop Details

Must be planted by August 1, 2019 to be considered eligible for MFP payments.

The MFP rule and a related Notice of Funding Availability will be published in the Federal Register on July 29, 2019, when signup begins at local FSA offices.

Per-acre non-specialty crop county payment rates, specialty crop payment rates, and livestock payment rates are all currently available on

MFP Payments Will be Parceled Out

MFP payments will be made in up-to three tranches (share or portion), with the second and third tranches evaluated as market conditions and trade opportunities dictate.

If conditions warrant, the second and third tranches will be made in November and early January, respectively. The first tranche will be comprised of the higher of either 50% of a producer’s calculated payment or $15 per acre, which may reduce potential payments to be made in tranches two or three. USDA will begin making first tranche payments in mid-to-late August.

Tree Crops

MFP payments will also be made to producers of almonds, cranberries, cultivated ginseng, fresh grapes, fresh sweet cherries, hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, pecans, pistachios, and walnuts. Each specialty crop will receive a payment based on 2019 acres of fruit or nut bearing plants, or in the case of ginseng, based on harvested acres in 2019.


Dairy producers who were in business as of June 1, 2019, will receive a per hundredweight payment on production history, and hog producers will receive a payment based on the number of live hogs owned on a day selected by the producer between April 1 and May 15, 2019.

MFP Payment Limits

  • Non-specialty crops are limited to a combined $250,000 for non-specialty crops per person or legal entity.
  • Dairy and hog producers are limited to a combined $250,000 for dairy and hog producers
  • Specialty crop producers are limited $250,000 for specialty crop producers.
  • No applicant can receive more than $500,000.
  • Eligible applicants must have an average adjusted gross income (AGI) for tax years 2014, 2015, and 2016 of less than $900,000 or, 75% of the person’s or legal entity’s average AGI for tax years 2014, 2015, and 2016 must have been derived from farming and ranching.
  • Applicants must also comply with the provisions of the Highly Erodible Land and Wetland Conservation regulations.

Prevented Planting and MFP Payments

Many producers were affected by natural disasters this spring, such as flooding, that kept them out of the field for extended periods of time.

Producers who filed a prevented planting claim and planted an FSA-certified cover crop, with the potential to be harvested qualify for a $15 per acre payment. Acres that were never planted in 2019 are not eligible for an MFP payment.

MFP Eligibility Changes

In June, H.R. 2157, the Additional Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Relief Act of 2019 was signed into law by President Trump, requiring a change to the first round of MFP assistance provided in 2018.

Producers previously deemed ineligible for MFP in 2018 because they had an average AGI level higher than $900,000 may now be eligible for 2018 MFP benefits. Those producers must be able to verify 75% or more of their average AGI was derived from farming and ranching to qualify. This supplemental MFP signup period will run parallel to the 2019 MFP signup, from July 29 through December 6, 2019.

For more information on the MFP, visit or contact your local FSA office, which can be found at


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