Crop Progress: Still Behind Average, Conditions Unchanged – DTN

Corn field. Photo: K-State Research and Extension - Creative Commons

Row-crop development remained behind the five-year average pace last week, while little change was seen in crop conditions, according to the latest USDA NASS Crop Progress report released Monday.

Nearly all of the corn — 98% — that farmers managed to plant this year had emerged as of Sunday, July 7. However, only 8% of the crop was silking, well behind 34% at the same time last year and also behind the five-year average of 22%.

Corn condition, estimated at 57% good to excellent, was up 1 percentage point from 56% the previous week. That fell within trade expectations of 57%-58%, said DTN Senior Analyst Dana Mantini.

“Key states with the best corn condition ratings included North Dakota at 79% good to excellent, Nebraska at 76% and Minnesota at 60%,” Mantini said. “Some notable bad states were Illinois at 37% good to excellent, Indiana at 38%, Ohio at 34%, Missouri at 28% and Michigan at 46%.”

Like corn, soybeans also lagged behind the average pace of development last week. NASS estimated that 96% of intended soybean acres were planted as of Sunday, 3 percentage points behind the five-year average of 99%.

An estimated 90% of soybeans were emerged, 8 percentage points behind average. Ten percent of soybeans were blooming, well behind 44% last year and 22 percentage points behind the five-year average of 32%.

“Soybean blooming in Illinois and Indiana was at 2% and 1% compared to averages of 34% and 32%, respectively,” Mantini said. “Minnesota soybeans were 3% blooming versus a five-year average of 28%.”

The soybean crop’s good-to-excellent rating dipped by 1 percentage point, from 54% the previous week to 53% last week. That was below trade expectations for 55%-56% good to excellent and well under last year’s 71% good-to-excellent rating, Mantini noted.

“States with the worst good-to-excellent soybean ratings included Ohio at 28%, Illinois at 38%, Indiana at 37% and Missouri at 35%. The states with the best good-to-excellent ratings were Nebraska at 73%, North Dakota at 69% and Iowa at 64%,” Mantini said.

Winter wheat harvest continued to roll along, jumping ahead another 17 percentage points to reach 47% complete as of Sunday. However, harvest was still behind last year’s 61% and the five-year average pace of 61%. Kansas’ wheat harvest was 61% done versus 84% average, Oklahoma was 95% done, Texas was 81% done, Illinois was 74% done, Indiana’s harvest was 61% finished and Arkansas’ winter wheat was 98% harvested.

Sixty-four percent of the winter wheat remaining in fields was rated in good-to-excellent condition, up 1 percentage points from 63% the previous week.

Fifty-six percent of the spring wheat crop was headed, up 31 percentage points from the previous week. However, heading was still well behind last year’s 78% and the five-year average of 73%.

“Minnesota spring wheat was 75% headed versus an average of 81%, North Dakota was 55% versus 71% average and Montana was only 36% versus an average of 59%,” Mantini said.

Spring wheat condition was rated 78% good to excellent, up 3 percentage points from the previous week’s 75% good to excellent. Leading the pack in good-to-excellent ratings were Minnesota at 83% and North Dakota at 82%, Mantini noted.

Sorghum was 97% planted, compared to 100% last year and a five-year average of 99%. Twenty-two percent of sorghum was headed, 4 percentage points behind the five-year average of 26%. Sorghum coloring was estimated at 13%, slightly behind the average of 16%. Oats were 74% headed, behind the average of 90%.

Cotton squaring reached 47% as of Sunday, behind of the average pace of 54%. Cotton setting bolls was 13%, slightly behind the average of 16%. Cotton condition was rated 54% good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from the previous week. Sixteen percent of rice was headed, behind the average of 22%.

To view weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states, visit here. Look for the U.S. map in the “Find Data and Reports by” section and choose the state you wish to view in the drop-down menu. Then look for that state’s “Crop Progress & Condition” report.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Emerged 98 94 100 100
Corn Silking 8 NA 34 22
Soybeans Planted 96 92 100 99
Soybeans Emerged 90 83 100 98
Soybeans Blooming 10 NA 44 32
Winter Wheat Harvested 47 30 61 61
Spring Wheat Headed 56 25 78 73
Cotton Squaring 47 37 57 54
Cotton Setting Bolls 13 7 20 16
Sorghum Planted 97 94 100 99
Sorghum Headed 22 20 25 26
Sorghum Coloring 13 NA 16 16
Barley Headed 55 31 74 75
Oats Headed 74 58 90 90
Rice Headed 16 10 20 22

**

National Crop Condition Summary
(VP = Very Poor; P = Poor; F = Fair; G = Good; E = Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Corn 3 9 31 47 10 3 9 32 47 9 2 5 18 54 21
Soybeans 3 9 35 46 7 2 9 35 47 7 2 5 22 55 16
Winter Wheat 3 7 26 47 17 3 7 27 48 15 15 19 29 28 9
Spring Wheat 3 19 70 8 1 3 21 67 8 1 3 16 66 14
Cotton 2 17 27 47 7 5 13 30 45 7 8 19 32 34 7
Sorghum 1 2 24 61 12 2 25 63 10 4 11 34 46 5
Barley 1 4 22 63 10 1 4 23 64 8 1 2 12 68 17
Oats 2 5 28 56 9 2 5 28 56 9 3 3 21 60 13
Rice 1 6 27 49 17 1 4 27 54 14 1 5 22 59 13

**

National Soil Moisture Condition – 48 States
(VS = Very Short; SH = Short; AD = Adequate; SR = Surplus)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VS SH AD SR VS SH AD SR VS SH AD SR
Topsoil Moisture 3 12 70 15 2 10 69 19 10 20 62 8
Subsoil Moisture 3 10 70 17 2 9 69 20 10 22 62 6

Anthony Greder can be reached at anthony.greder@dtn.com

Follow him on Twitter @AGrederDTN

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