Seth Byrd, Oklahoma State University Extension Cotton Specialist, Stillwater/Altus:
“We’ve had warmer temperatures, but much of the state got more rain either Saturday (6/15) or Sunday. For once we’re forecast for hot weather. This week it’s high 90s and may hit 100 degrees. It should be good weather to wrap up what’s left of the dryland planting. Fortunately, there is some good soil moisture for these late plantings.
“Cotton that’s up remains slow. It’s not all related to cool temperatures earlier this month and back in May. We’ve had cloudy days, but maybe we can see this crop jump forward with the warmer weather.
“For weeds, our OSU trials are seeing some flushes after all this rain. It’s putting pressure on our herbicide programs and the products we’re using across the region. It’s tough to get out there and scout for weeds when ground is wet, but we need to take care of small weeds before they get too big. If you can see them – get on them.”
Murilo Maeda, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Cotton Specialist, Lubbock:
“Planters were rolling again last week for those trying to get the crop in before insurance deadlines were completely gone. There was a good planting window with warmer weather and less rainfall in the South Plains region. The warm weather helped move the crop along. Those fields that were hurt by cooler weather will be helped, hopefully, although there are forecasts for thunderstorms this week.
“I haven’t heard of any big issues with insects, but there are reports of seedling disease where guys have had problems with too much moisture. It’s likely Rhizoctonia.
“Weeds are coming on strong. As we’ve said recently, people need to be on top of weeds to give young cotton plants a chance to progress.
“While there are many fields being replanted in corn or sorghum up into the Panhandle, everyone is sticking with cotton until the last minute in the Lubbock area and further south.”
Randy Norton, University of Arizona Extension Cotton Specialist, Safford:
“Cotton out west near Yuma is looking decent. We’re just entering early bloom in that area. But due to high winds, it lost a lot of fruit early. In central Arizona, the oldest cotton is at match-head square. We expect some fields to start blooming soon.
“My advice to growers is to protect that early season fruit set. There’s not much they can do about the wind, but they need to avoid water stress. Insects have been minimal, with only a few lygus sprays needed out west. But we still need to keep an eye out for insects.
“The same goes for weeds. There’s nothing alarming on the weed side. However, we need to stay on top of them when they’re small.”
Emi Kimura, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Area Agronomist, Vernon:
“Dryland producers are trying to time last minute planting with rain that’s in the forecast. However, most acres have been planted. Moisture is there for a good yield if we can get the crop up after the cool wet weather seen on the Rolling Plains this growing season.
“Warmer temperatures should help the crop this week. We need to see some better stand development.
“Weed control is important after the rains. But we wonder about the number of days available for fieldwork with the wet weather. We could also see disease pressure with the high humidity that’s in the air.
“I think conditions are better than last year when we had very little moisture, but we need clear skies and warmer days to help this crop.
“Wheat harvest is under way and I’m hearing of good yields, even 30 to 40 bushels for dryland. That’s above average for our area.”