“In corn, we’re starting to find corn earworms eggs on silks. A lot of people asked if all the rain in the winter and spring would drown out corn earworm larvae. Evidently, the answer is no. Those adults are out now and laying eggs.”
Bill Brooks, Mid-South Farmers Cooperative, Alamo, Tennessee:
“We’re probably 95% done with cotton planting, with just a small amount of first plantings left and some replanting that’s going on. Starting after May 15, we’ve made good headway with cotton planting, and plenty can get done in a short timeframe.
“Some ground came out of cotton due to prevented planting, although I don’t believe it’s a huge number of acres. Most farmers, I think, are planting about as much cotton as they intended.
“Over-the-top dicamba sprays started at the end of last week on the earliest cotton, so the pigweed fight has begun.
“Growers are planting beans and a couple of guys are still planting a little corn, going in some bottoms that had been too wet earlier. They were trying to choose between corn and beans and decided to roll the dice and go with corn.
“We’re probably 75% done with beans and will wrap that up in another week. Things are moving quickly. We missed a couple of the last predicted rains. Rain was in the forecast for this Thursday but it’s down to zero now (5/28). It’s actually dry enough in places that we could benefit from a shower.”
Steve Schutz, Ind. Consultant, Coushatta, Louisiana:
“Some cotton is still being planted but we’re on the downhill side of that, plus we have a little replanting to do. Usually, cotton is the slowest crop to emerge, but anything planted lately has shot up and the stands look good.
“What we’ve just planted is emerging and our oldest is moving along nicely and is probably at the fourth leaf stage now (5/27). So far, we haven’t had to treat for thrips and a lot of this cotton will outgrow them, as it looks right now. That’s probably just as well because it’s been too windy to spray. Where we have anything that looks like thrips injury, it’s probably from wind damage or sand blasting.
“Weeds aren’t a problem in cotton. We have some preemerge herbicides down. All of my Louisiana cotton will be dicamba cotton. The cotton I work in Arkansas will be treated with Liberty.
“Preemerge materials are breaking just a little in places. Mostly, I’m seeing weeds that were common in ‘the old days’. Morningglory and grass are coming up, for example. We’ve had so much rain that we’re maybe not getting as much activity from preemerge materials in places. A few pigweeds emerged in wet areas where we couldn’t get in to spray.
“In corn, we’ve had issues with northern corn leaf blight (NCLB) in certain hybrids. We’re kind of in a Catch 22 as far as fungicides go for NCLB. Based on what I’ve read and specialists say, fungicides work better on NCLB when you spray in the vegetative stage. But if you spray at that point, you may have to spray a second time later.
“In soybeans, some MG IVs are at the sixth trifoliate with a few blooms. A few bollworms are present but those little leaves don’t provide adequate nourishment, so those small worms can’t molt and they’ll die. Damage is running less than 2%.
“In our Louisiana beans, nobody has used dicamba yet, but we don’t have any pigweed issues, either. Everything but pigweed is coming up, though. We still have quite a few soybean acres that haven’t been planted yet and some of those beds are rough.”
Bob Griffin, Griffin Ag Consulting, Jonesboro, Arkansas:
“My growers should be able to finish planting cotton in the next day or two (from 5/27). So far, our crop ranges from not up yet to the biggest at fourth leaf.
“The main thing has been weeds. Our deadline for being able to legally use dicamba was Saturday (5/25). That’s it for the rest of the year, so things are tough. Once we get things cleaned up, we’ll be in good shape, but it’s going to be a more expensive process.
“Of the cotton that’s up, 90% looks excellent. Thrips haven’t been a problem at all. Cotton is healthy, the weather is warm and we definitely have enough moisture. Only a negligible amount has had to be replanted. We’re applying fertilizer now.
“Most of our corn is at V4 to V8. We haven’t had to replant any corn but had to plant a portion of it late due to the rain. We should have some tassels within the next two weeks. With
“With both corn and cotton, my growers will plant everything they intended. The crops look pretty and we’re optimistic. Our oldest soybeans should start blooming within the next week, but half of my soybeans haven’t been planted yet.”
Ashley Peters, Peters Crop Consulting, Crowville, Louisiana:
“Some of our oldest cotton is probably at 6 to 7 leaves and some is still just being planted. Maybe a little was planted yesterday (5/27) and a little replanting is left to do.
“Overall, we’re 90% to 95% finished with cotton planting and folks planted most of their intended acres, I think, although some went to prevented planting.
“Our better growing conditions this year have been from mid-May to now. Soils are warm, most places have decent moisture and sunshine is abundant. Cotton came up growing, so maybe we won’t lose that much time.
“Not much is happening with thrips, probably because of these more ideal growing conditions. We’ll find them here and there but we haven’t had to worry about treating and might get by okay. We’ll see how it goes with cotton planted in the last 2 to 3 days.