Peanuts: Argentina’s Acreage Slips

Photo: Clemson University

The Cereals Board of Córdoba reports that Argentina’s peanut plantings for the current season will fall short of last season’s totals, both at the provincial level (by 17%) and in the peanut zone formed by Córdoba, San Luis, La Pampa and Buenos Aires (by 17.7%).

The 324,500 hectares that would typically be planted in the whole peanut area are off by 20,000 hectares compared with the previous planting season, and the province of Córdoba took the biggest hit.

If these estimates are correct, the 2018/19 season will have the lowest level of planted area in the last 10 years. Lower plantings are likely the result of poor yields and quality in the previous season.

With this crop just ended, yields ran about 2.2 metric tons per hectare (1,963 pounds per acre). By comparison, crop yields in 2015/16 and 2016/17 seasons averaged about 3 metric tons per hectare.

With Some Exceptions, Good Soil Moisture

Rains and drizzling conditions occurred throughout this last week, with significant rain totals in some areas. These conditions somewhat stalled vegetative growth and plant development.

Heat, though, has now returned to the central region of Argentina. Soil moisture is generally very good except in localized situations where rain is urgently needed.

We have observed a very abundant and widespread flowering and also plenty of pegs. Pod formation also has started in some of the more advanced fields.

Farmers Really Need A Good Crop

Weather problems during the last crop and into this season have put farmers in a serious situation for high-value crops like peanuts, rice and fruits that are exported. Export prospects are being further set back by a low exchange rate due to export taxes.

Local economies are being seriously hurt as a result. In Córdoba, the peanut industry has the same impact on local livelihoods as the wine industry in Mendoza.

AgFax Weed Solutions

Argentina is the world’s third largest exporter of peanuts, with a clear leadership in blanched peanuts, which are the highest in quality and generate added value. For Argentina, the blanched segment has evolved into an extremely modern industry and significant investments have been made in sophisticated processing equipment.

To a large extent, blanchers self-generate the energy needed in the process, burning shells in biomass boilers.

Update On Brazil

The general impression is that peanuts are spreading through all regions of Brazil, not just in the Sao Pablo state. It has been a very hot summer and lower rainfall amounts are projected for the rest of the season.

From 20% to 25% of the country has already been affected by drought. Part of the peanut crop suffered from drought in December/January, which will reduce yields at least some.

Brazilian farmers increased peanut plantings by 5% to 10% this year but the effects of drought so far will likely reduce the crop’s final size by the same amount.

Andrés H. “Hari” Georgalos
Georgalos Peanut World
Sarmiento 1664 – (X5960ETY) Río Segundo – Cba – Argentina
Tel/Fax: +54 (0) 3572 42 1809
Skype: ahgeorgalos1

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