Louisiana Field Reports: Wet Conditions Hurt Soybean Quality

Water damaged soybean pods still awaiting harvest. Photo: Todd Spivey, LSU AgCenter

Crop Progress and Conditions for the Week Ending October 7, 2018.

Comments from Cooperative Extension Service County Agents

Todd Fontenot, Evangeline Parish
“Soybean damage continued to increase with many acres being left in the field.”

Andrew Granger, Vermillion Parish
“Rains delayed hay and soybean harvest. Significant damage to ripe soybeans was reported. Cane planting has also been slowed but most farmers are done. Cane harvest progressed in muddy conditions.”

Jeremy Hebert, Acadia Parish
“A somewhat drier week allowed more soybeans to be harvested. Some soybeans have been ready to harvest for a few weeks and were being cut now. Quality was not very good on some beans while some still remained adequate.”

Stanley Dutile, Lafayette Parish
“Finally a few dry/sunny days last week, but wet fields still had farmers and cattlemen behind the 8 ball. Soybean farmers struggled to salvage this year’s already quality damaged crop. Sugarcane farmers trying to complete planting of next year’s crop while at the same time fighting muddy harvest conditions for this year’s crop. Cattlemen still fighting army worms, getting desperate to complete hay harvest and begin planting ryegrass. Cooler/drier weather is needed soon.”

Vincent Deshotel, Saint Landry Parish
“Field conditions improved in recent days, however, quality issues for soybean producers were a huge issue. Producers selectively harvested to make grade. Many acres will be left in the field not making minimum grade and no storage. Sugarcane harvest proceeded with improving field conditions in areas. Crawfish farmers flood up ponds for the upcoming harvest and livestock producers were busy with a last run at fall hay cutting and planting winter pastures.”

Mark Carriere, Point Coupee Parish
“With drier days, farmers were able to get back into the fields to continue to harvest. Cotton, soybean, and sugarcane harvest remained underway. We continued to see quality damage in the soybean crop across the parish. Pecans started to fall and pecan harvest is starting to pick up. At the present time the pecan crop looks promising.”

General Comments

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According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service in Louisiana, there were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending Sunday, October 7, 2018. Topsoil moisture supplies were 0 percent very short, 6 percent short, 65 percent adequate, and 29 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 0 percent very short, 12 percent short, 71 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus.

Low temperatures ranged from 65.3 degrees Fahrenheit at Homer to 76.2 degrees Fahrenheit at Galliano. Highs ranged from 85.2 degrees Fahrenheit at Homer to 91.2 degrees Fahrenheit at Saint Joseph. The precipitation for this week was spread throughout the State, with the highest concentration in the west central part of the State with an average of 1.35 inches.


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