USDA Crop Progress: Planting Jumped Ahead with Improved Weather – DTN

Corn planting. ©Debra L Ferguson Stock Photography

Corn planting progress jumped a whopping 22 percentage points last week and narrowed the gap between this year’s progress and the five-year average pace, according to the USDA National Ag Statistics Service weekly Crop Progress report released Monday.

NASS estimated that 39% of corn was planted as of Sunday, May 6, up from 17% the previous week. Last week’s planting progress lagged the five-year average pace by only 5 percentage points compared to the previous week when planting lagged 10 percentage points behind average.

Compared to five-year average paces, Minnesota was the most delayed at 9% versus a five-year average of 44% corn planted for this time of year, noted DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.

Corn emergence, at 8% on Sunday, was running 6 percentage points behind last year’s 14% and the five-year average pace of 14%.

Meanwhile, soybean planting moved ahead of the average pace. Fifteen percent of the crop was planted as of Sunday, according to NASS, 2 percentage points ahead of the average of 13%.

Winter wheat was 33% headed, behind last year’s 49% and also behind the average of 41%. Winter wheat condition improved slightly last week to 34% good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from the previous week’s rating of 33% good to excellent.

Winter wheat’s current condition rating is the lowest since 2014. The same is true for DTN’s winter wheat condition index at 51, Hultman said.

Spring wheat was 30% planted as of Sunday, well behind the average pace of 51%. Only 4% of the crop was emerged, also well behind the five-year average of 22%.

“Spring wheat planting is fine in the Pacific Northwest and made better progress in the Northern Plains last week,” Hultman said. “Montana is the furthest behind at 24% versus the five-year average of 54%.”

Cotton was 20% planted as of Sunday, compared to 12% last week, 20% last year and a 20% average. Rice was 68% planted, compared to 55% last week, 76% last year and 69% on average. Forty-four percent of the crop was emerged, compared to 29% last week, 64% last year and a 50% average.

Sorghum was 29% planted as of Sunday, compared to 26% last week, 30% last year and a 29% average.

Barley was 42% planted, behind the average pace 59%. Thirteen percent of the crop was emerged as of Sunday, compared to an average of 30%. Oats were 56% planted, compared to 39% last week, 77% last year and a 74% average. Thirty-four percent of oats were emerged, compared to 29% last week, 57% last year and a 54% average.

The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states. To view the full reports from each state, visit here.

Colorado

Significant moisture received in several counties helped improve range and dryland crop conditions last week. Fieldwork was delayed in areas due to wet conditions, but picked up as hot and dry weather finished out the week. Days suitable for fieldwork was at 4.8 days, down from the previous week’s 5.6 days.

Topsoil moisture was 18% very short, 24% short, 57% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture was 11% very short, 24% short, 64% adequate and 1% surplus.

Barley planted was 93% with the five-year average 83%. Barley emerged was 65% with 44% the five-year average.

Corn planted was 16% with the five-year average of 30%. Corn emerged is 1% with the five-year average of 2%. Spring wheat planted was 74% with 61% the five-year average. Spring wheat emerged is 35% with 31% the five-year average.

Winter wheat jointed was 46% with 56% the five-year average. Winter wheat headed is 1% with the five-year average of 5%. Winter wheat crop condition is 17% very poor to poor, 30% fair and 53% good to excellent.

Illinois

Warmer weather allowed for significant gains in the planting progress. There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Statewide, the average temperature was 66.3 degrees, 8.7 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 0.88 inch, 0.3 inch below normal.

Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 1% very short, 13% short, 76% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 2% very short, 15% short, 76% adequate and 7% surplus.

Corn planted was at 74%, compared to 65% last year and the five-year average of 56%. Corn emerged was at 14%. Soybean planted was at 29%, compared to 14% last year and the five-year average of 12%. Soybeans emerged was at 1%. Sorghum planted reached 4%, the same as last year.

Winter wheat headed reached 14%, compared to 76% last year and the five-year average of 32%. Winter wheat condition was rated at 4% very poor, 8% poor, 35% fair, 45% good and 8% excellent.

Indiana

Dust flew as planters rolled through the fields last week. Planting was in full swing throughout the state. Warm temperatures and favorable conditions gave farmers the chance to make great progress before the rains midweek. The rains slightly slowed progress, but farmers made up ground and then some.

The average temperature for the week 64.7 degrees, 8.0 degrees above normal for the state. The amounts of rainfall recorded at weather stations varied from zero to 4.26 inches over the week. The statewide average for precipitation was 0.71 inch, or 76% of normal. There were 5.0 days available for fieldwork.

Topsoil moisture was 1% very short, 14% short, 72% adequate and 13% surplus. Subsoil moisture was 1% very short, 10% short, 77% adequate and 12% surplus.

Corn planted was 42% compared to 33% with the five-year average. Corn emerged was 3% with 8% being the five-year average. Soybeans planted was 23% with 9% the five-year average. Winter wheat jointing was 69% with 71% the five-year average. Winter wheat headed is 5% with the five-year average at 18%. Winter wheat crop condition is 7% poor, 29% fair and 64% good to excellent.

Iowa

Widespread storms delivering heavy rainfall interrupted planting activities and held Iowa farmers to 2.9 days suitable for fieldwork last week.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 3% very short, 7% short, 71% adequate and 19% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 5% very short, 11% short, 70% adequate and 14% surplus. Saturated soil conditions have caused delays in fieldwork and planting activities in the northern two-thirds of the state, while recent rains have failed to eliminate the dry soil conditions in the southern one-third of the state.

Iowa growers have planted 40% of the expected corn crop, three days behind the five-year average. Two percent of the crop has emerged, five days behind both last year and the average. Soybean growers have 11% of the expected crop in the ground, two days ahead of last year but equal to the average.

Seventy-seven percent of the expected oat crop has been planted, nine days behind last year and one week behind average. Thirty-two percent of the crop has emerged, 11 days behind last year.

Kansas

There were 5.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 24% very short, 29% short, 45% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 24% very short, 37% short, 39% adequate and 0% surplus.

Winter wheat condition rated 16% very poor, 34% poor, 36% fair, 14% good and 0% excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 74%, well behind 95% last year. Headed was 19%, well behind 57% last year and 41% for the five-year average.

Corn planted was 47%, near 44% last year and 48% average. Emerged was 18%, near 19% last year and 22% average. Soybeans planted was 8%, near 4% last year and 5% average. Sorghum planted was 1%, equal to both last year and average. Cotton planted was 2%, near 1% last year and 3% average.

Michigan

There were 3.8 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan last week. High temperatures and dry conditions early in the week allowed many producers to resume fieldwork and begin planting before midweek precipitation halted progress. Many producers experienced a wind storm that caused localized damage to crops and buildings.

Corn and soybean planting was underway in central and southern Michigan last week and oat planting made decent progress, surpassing the previous year average for planting and emergence. Winter wheat development advanced steadily.

A few low-lying areas were not accessible by machinery due to wet field conditions, especially in northern Michigan, but spring fieldwork was active during the week. Other activities during the week included hauling manure, applying fertilizer, and working on equipment. Winter wheat was rated 69% good to excellent.

Minnesota

Warm and dry weather across much of Minnesota created favorable conditions for fieldwork last week. There were 4.4 days suitable for fieldwork. While some areas in northern Minnesota still report having frost in the ground, last week’s warmer temperatures allowed farmers in many areas to apply anhydrous and dry fertilizer to fields, conduct tillage activities and plant small grains.

Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 6% short, 71% adequate and 22% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0% very short, 4% short, 83% adequate and 13% surplus.

Minnesota’s spring wheat was 27% planted, five days behind last year and 12 days behind the five-year average. Oats were also reported as 27% planted, two weeks behind last year and 16 days behind average. Planting of the barley crop was reported as 15% complete, five days behind last year and 16 days behind average.

Corn planting was 9% completed, nine days behind last year and 16 days behind average. Soybeans were 1% planted, four days behind last year and 10 days behind average.

Missouri

Warmer temperatures for the week allowed planting to progress quickly. Temperatures as well as precipitation were above average, allowing for more planting and emerging compared to the previous week. Temperatures last week averaged 67.3 degrees, 7.7 degrees above normal. Precipitation averaged 1.24 inches statewide, 0.18 inch above normal. There were 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork.

Topsoil moisture supply was rated 5% very short, 22% short, 65% adequate and 8% surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated 4% very short, 22% short, 69% adequate and 5% surplus.

Corn planting progressed 26 percentage points to 78% complete, which is 12 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Corn emerged progressed to 34%, 28 percentage points ahead of the previous week. Soybean planting was 19% complete with 1% emerged.

Cotton planting progressed to 37%, 6 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Rice planting progressed to 65% this week. Rice emerged progressed to 26%, 24 percentage points ahead of the previous week, but still behind the five-year average.

Sorghum planted is at 6%, 10 percentage points behind the five-year average. Winter wheat headed is at 24%, 59 percentage points behind last year and 19 percentage points behind the five-year average. Winter wheat condition was rated 54% good to excellent.

Nebraska

There were 4.6 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 23% short, 73% adequate and 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 3% very short, 27% short, 69% adequate and 1% surplus.

Corn planted was 42%, near 46% both last year and for the five-year average. Corn emerged was 2%, behind 9% last year and 10% average. Soybeans planted was 16%, near 12% both last year and average. Winter wheat condition rated 61% good to excellent.

Sorghum planted was 3%, near 4% last year and 6% average. Oats planted was 79%, behind 93% last year and 92% average. Emerged was 44%, well behind 73% last year and 70% average.

North Dakota

There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork last week. Reports indicated that, on average, producers began fieldwork on May 3. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 10% very short, 34 short, 52 adequate and 4 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 16% very short, 34 short, 48 adequate and 2 surplus.

Soybeans planted was 1%, near 3% last year, and behind 8% for the five-year average. Spring wheat planted was 20%, well behind 41% last year, and behind 38% average. Durum wheat planted was 7%, behind 22% last year and 18% average. Winter wheat condition rated 34% good to excellent. Winter wheat jointed was 3%, behind 21% last year.

Corn planted was 7%, behind 20% last year and 24% average. Canola planted was 7%, behind 14% last year and 17% average. Oats planted was 15%, well behind 44% last year and 37% average. Emerged was 1%, near 5% last year, and behind 9% average. Barley planted was 15%, well behind 35 last year, and behind 33% average.

Ohio

Weather conditions early in the week allowed farmers ample opportunity for planting, but the window was closed again with rains that arrived mid-week. There were 4.7 days available for fieldwork during the week. Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 2% short, 76% adequate and 22% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 1% short, 72% adequate and 27% surplus.

Corn planting was 23% complete as of Sunday, slightly behind the average pace of 27%. Corn emerged was 1%, behind the average of 5%. Soybeans planted were 8%, near the average of 9%.

Winter wheat was 55% jointed and 2% headed, behind the average of 6% headed. Winter wheat condition was rated 76% good to excellent. Oats were 59% planted, behind the average of 72%, and 20% of the crop was emerged compared to the average pace of 39%.

Oklahoma

Most of Oklahoma received some much-needed rain last week but also some less desirable weather, such as hail, severe winds and flooding. As of May 1, drought conditions were rated 35% extreme to exceptional, up 35 points from the previous year, and 24% exceptional drought, up 24 points from the previous year. Statewide, temperatures averaged in the high 60s.

Topsoil moisture was rated 22% very short, 26% short, 48% adequate and 4% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 42% very short, 18% short, 37% adequate and 3% surplus.

Winter wheat headed reached 80%, up 1 point from normal. Winter wheat condition was rated only 9% good to excellent. Canola coloring reached 15%, down 11 points from normal. Oats headed reached 10%, down 12 points from normal.

Corn planted reached 59%, down 2 points from normal, and corn emerged reached 21%, down 21 points from normal. Sorghum planted reached 17%, down 4 points from normal. Soybeans planted reached 13%, equal to the normal pace. Cotton planted reached 8%, down 2 points from normal.

South Dakota

There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork statewide last week. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 13% short, 79% adequate and 6% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 5% very short, 25% short, 68% adequate and 2% surplus. Corn planted was 6%, well behind 33% for the five-year average.

Soybeans planted was 1%, behind 7% average. Winter wheat condition was rated 30% good to excellent. Spring wheat planted was 51%, well behind 78% average, and emerged was 6%, well behind 44% average. Oats planted was 47%, well behind 80% average, and emerged was 8%, well behind 50% average.

Texas

Average temperatures increased from the previous week in most parts of the state last week. Storms caused some wind and hail damage, but also brought much-needed moisture. The Trans-Pecos and the High Plains got little to no precipitation, but the rest of the state received between 0.2 inch and 3 inches, with isolated areas reporting more than 4.5 inches.

Statewide, topsoil moisture was rated 31% very short, 29% short, 35% adequate and 5% surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 26% very short, 35% short, 36% adequate and 3% surplus.

Corn was 81% planted, ahead of the five-year average of 72%. Fifty-five percent of corn was emerged and 11% was silked, ahead of the average pace of 3% silked. Soybeans were 52% planted, slightly behind the average of 54%, and 30% of the crop was emerged, equal to average.

Cotton was 19% planted and 1% squaring. Rice was 84% planted and 77% emerged, equal to the average pace in both categories. Sorghum was 84% planted and 7% headed. Winter wheat was 73% headed, equal to the five-year average, and 5% of the crop was harvested compared to zero for the average.

Wisconsin

Widespread rain mid-week slowed or halted fieldwork progress in many areas. However, fieldwork resumed quickly in the northern portions of the state, where precipitation was light and scattered. The rains were much heavier across southern Wisconsin, particularly in a band from the southwest to east-central districts. Reporters in these areas noted up to 6 inches of rain received, halting fieldwork and flooding low ground.

Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies were rated 4% short, 73% adequate and 23% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 6% short, 75% adequate and 18% surplus.

As of May 6, spring tillage was 30% complete statewide, five days behind the five-year average. Corn planting was 15% complete, four days behind the five-year average. Five percent of the state’s expected soybean acres have been planted, one day behind the five-year average.

Oats planting was reported as 29% complete, nine days behind the five-year average. Eight percent of the oats had emerged, eight days behind the five-year average. Winter wheat was 73% in good-to-excellent condition statewide, up 16 percentage points from last week.

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Editor’s Note: Consider entering our DTN/The Progressive Farmer #MyPlanting18 Photo Contest from now until May 25 for a chance to win some great prizes.

Entering is easy, but please limit yourself to one entry per month. For all the details, visit here.

National Crop Progress Summary
This Last Last 5-Year
Week Week Year Avg.
Corn Planted 39 17 45 44
Corn Emerged 8 3 14 14
Soybeans Planted 15 5 13 13
Cotton Planted 20 12 20 20
Sorghum Planted 29 26 30 29
Spring Wheat Planted 30 10 51 51
Spring Wheat Emerged 4 NA 19 22
Winter Wheat Headed 33 19 49 41
Barley Planted 42 26 50 59
Barley Emerged 13 7 24 30
Oats Planted 56 39 77 74
Oats Emerged 34 29 57 54
Rice Planted 68 55 76 69
Rice Emerged 44 29 64 50

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National Crop Condition Summary
(VP=Very Poor; P=Poor; F=Fair; G=Good; E=Excellent)
This Week Last Week Last Year
VP P F G E VP P F G E VP P F G E
Winter Wheat 16 21 29 27 7 16 21 30 26 7 4 11 32 43 10

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