Oklahoma: Cotton Harvest Off to Slow Start – USDA

Crop Progress and Condition for the Week Ending October 11, 2015.

Summer-like weather persisted across the state last week. Twenty-three percent of the state was rated between moderate and exceptional drought, up 6 points from last week. Drought conditions worsened in the Central and North Central districts, with most areas becoming more abnormally dry. Additional moisture was needed to promote poorly emerging wheat stands in the Central district.

Precipitation averaged less than 1 inch across the state, ranging from 0.07 inches in the South Central district to 0.21 inches in the Panhandle district. Statewide temperatures averaged in the mid 60’s, with the lowest recorded at 38 degrees at Vinita on Saturday, October 10th and the highest recorded at 97 degrees at Grandfield on Sunday, October 11th. Topsoil and Subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. There were 6.3 days suitable for fieldwork.

Small Grains: Winter wheat planted reached 65 percent, down 12 points from the previous year, while winter wheat emerged reached 32 percent, down 16 points from the previous. Canola planted reached 73 percent, down 20 points from the previous year. Canola emerged reached 30 percent, down 21 points from the previous year and down 9 points from normal.

Rye planted reached 85 percent, up 6 points from the previous year, while rye emerged reached 20 percent, down 9 points from the previous year. Oats planted reached 29 percent, up 8 points from the previous year and up 4 points from normal.

Row Crops: Corn harvested reached 71 percent, down 4 points from the previous year and down 12 points from normal. Sorghum mature reached 91 percent, up 7 points from the previous year and up 18 points from normal. Sorghum harvested reached 50 percent, down 3 points from the previous year and up 7 points from normal. Soybeans dropping leaves reached 50 percent, down 18 points from the previous year and up 36 points from normal. Soybeans seedbed prepared reached 12 percent, down 6 points from the previous year and down 7 points from normal.

Peanuts mature reached 64 percent, down 9 points from the previous year and down 11 points from normal. Peanuts harvested reached 17 percent, up 1 point from the previous year and down 2 points from normal. Cotton bolls opening reached 81 percent, down 13 points from the previous year and down 4 points from normal. Cotton harvested reached 1 percent, down 4 points from the previous year and down 7 points from normal.

Hay: A fourth cutting of alfalfa hay reached 89 percent, up 3 points from the previous year and up 21 points from normal. A second cutting of other hay reached 91 percent, up 6 points from the previous year and up 16 points from normal.

Pasture and Livestock: Conditions of pasture and range were rated at 75 percent good to fair. Livestock condition was rated at 86 percent good to fair.

Weather: Temperatures ranged from 38 degrees at Vinita on Saturday, October 10th to 97 degrees at Grandfield on Sunday, October 11th. Precipitation ranged from 0.07 inches in the Southwest and South Central districts to 0.21 inches in the Panhandle district. Soil temperature averages ranged from 60 degrees at Boise City on Monday, October 5th to 79 degrees at Madill on Monday, October 12th.




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