California: Butte Shaking Begins as Temperatures Cool – USDA

Crop Progress and Condition for the Week Ending August 16, 2015.

WEATHER

Temperatures were seasonal for this time of year and fairly consistent day to day.  Mountain regional temperatures were between the high 70s and mid- 80s.  Most coastal locations highs were reported to be in the high 60s to low 90s, with highs in the 80s and 90s across Central Valley.  The mountains had mostly 70s and 80s, while the desert reported 100-115 degree heat.  Overnight lows were in the 50s and 60s along the coast and across the valley, with 70s in the desert, and in the low 40s in the mountain areas.

A repetitive weather pattern that has settled across the State continued into this week, with mostly continued dry conditions.  A few areas reported receiving a very light rain briefly during the week.

FIELD CROPS

Irrigation, cutting and baling continued in alfalfa fields.  Corn continued to be cut for silage.  Safflower was harvested.  Sorghum silage was making good progress, with some fields harvested.  Sudan silage crop harvest was completed.  Grain sorghum continued to progress well. Cotton continued showing good growth, with plants now setting bolls.  Dry black-eye beans were in various stages of development.  In Fresno County, few early corn fields were cut for silage, with average yields reported.

FRUIT CROPS

Harvest of stone fruit continued.  The domestic demand and price for stone fruit remain strong.  The season remained ahead of previous years.  Pomegranates continued to mature.  Pear and apple harvests continued.   In Sacramento County, the harvesting of grapes began and growers were training vines in young vineyards.

In Fresno County, some low sugar grapes were harvested with excellent yields reported.  Some mealy bug spots were reported in the French Colombard variety.  Valencia oranges, finger limes and lemons continued to be packed and exported to foreign and domestic markets.  Growers continued to prepare citrus groves for next season with herbicide, fungicide and sunscreen sprays.

NUT CROPS

Nonpariel almond tree shaking continued.  Shaking of Butte almond trees began towards the end of the week. Spraying of pistachios for Navel Orange worm and weeds continued.   In walnut orchards, growers sprayed for weeds, mites and walnut husk fly.

VEGETABLE CROPS

In Sutter County, the harvest of summer vegetables was winding down. The harvest of tomato transplants, beans and seed crops continued. In Monterey County, the lack of rain and warmer weather continued.  Production of lettuces, crucifers, spinach, celery, onion and artichokes was going strong. Pest pressures were higher than last season, but yields were reported as above normal.

In San Mateo County, the pumpkins were maturing. In Fresno County, the processing tomato harvest was wrapping up. In some conventional tomato fields, mold issues and average yields were reported. In organic tomatoes, there were reports of curly top resulting in low yields. The summer carrot harvest was nearly complete and preparations were being made for winter carrots. Cantaloupes were being boxed in the fields.  The Bell pepper harvest concluded.

In Tulare County, yellow squash, zucchini, Bell and chili peppers, eggplant, tomatoes, and cucumbers, were harvested.  Sweet corn harvest continued.

LIVESTOCK

High fire danger continued across most of the State. Range conditions and fire danger continued to be unfavorable.  Sheep were grazing in fallow field and along levies.  In Tulare County, foothill rangeland water and forage were very poor at the lower elevations. Supplemental feeding continued.  Feed costs for cattle producers remained high.  Bees continued to work seed alfalfa, melon and squash plantings.


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