California: Cotton Will Have an Early Harvest – USDA

    Monsoon moisture and an upper level low moved north through California early in the week then moved back southeast through the State mid-week. This brought some showers and thunderstorms along with some daily record rainfall amounts early in the week.  An upper level trough lingered over Southern California late in the week as another upper low approached the Northern California coast. There was generally dry weather late in the week except areas of showers and thunderstorms over the mountains of Northern California. Daytime temperatures were generally near to below normal this week with a few locations even setting low maximum temperature records early in the week.  Overnight lows were generally near to above normal, except for the desert which was below normal.  A few high minimum temperatures were set earlier in the week due to the cloud cover.


    Alfalfa growth continued with aphids becoming problematic in scattered areas. Cotton continued to push along toward an early finish.  Less than a quarter of the crop showed bolls opening by week’s end. The crop was rated eighty-five percent good-to-excellent. Rice fields continued to progress with nearly two-thirds of the crop headed by week’s end.  Safflower continued to develop.  In Imperial County, corn and silage corn matured and some fields were chopped. Sudan grassand Bermuda grass were harvested.


    The peach, nectarine and fresh plum harvests continued.  Cling peach harvest was ongoing. Prunes were progressing well in the Sacramento Valley and Yuba County.  Table grape harvest continued, with Flame Seedless, Summer Royal, Princess, Red Globe, and Thompson varieties harvested in the San Joaquin Valley.  Harvest continued in early champagne grape vineyards.  Other wine grapes were showing veraison.  Apple harvest continued.  Later apple varieties were sugaring nicely.  Bartlett, Bosc, and Asian pear harvests were ongoing throughout the State.  Olive, fig, kiwi and pomegranate fruit continued to grow well and some pomegranates were harvested in Tulare County.  The harvest of Valencia oranges remained active.  Tangelos, grapefruit and lemons continued to be harvested and packed.



    Shaking of Nonpareil almonds continued in Tulare, Fresno and Kern counties, with shaking beginning in Sutter and Yuba counties this week. Various diseases are building in some almond orchards in the lower San Joaquin Valley.  In Fresno County, early varieties of walnuts were almost completely mature.  Pistachio sprays were started in Kern County with scattered alternaria outbreaks.


    Tomato harvest continued throughout the State. The only reports of pest pressure and powdery mildew came from the Bakersfield area. Second and third plantings of cherry tomatoes occurred in Yolo County. Garlic, onions and cantaloupes were harvested in Fresno County. Cantaloupe growth continued in Yuba County. Lettuce and artichoke growth continued in Monterey County. Melons, tomatoes, green beans, bell peppers, squash, eggplant and cucumbers were harvested in Tulare County. Onions, bell peppers, chile peppers and basil were harvested in San Joaquin County.


    Bees continued to work sunflower, melon and squash fields. Range and pasture quality declined as the drought continued. Sheep and cattle grazed on idle fields, dry land grain and alfalfa fields. Sheep also grazed in retired farmland areas and a few fallow fields. Supplemental feeding of livestock continued with baled hay.

    For More information: California Crop Weather

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