Rain events over the past few weeks helped row crop development last week. Corn in the Southwest District was maturing quickly and pasture was improving statewide, but heavy runoff was still needed to fill ponds and lakes. Hay harvest was in full swing, with good yield reported. Early in the week an eastward moving line of thunderstorms produced good precipitation totals for the Panhandle District and the Southwest District. However, a lot more rain is needed to alleviate drought conditions in those areas.
The storm also brought high winds to South Central Oklahoma. A wind speed of 106 mph was recorded at the Burneyville Mesonet station on Wednesday, July 30th. Overall, row crop conditions continued to be rated mostly good to fair and were progressing quickly. Temperatures ranged from 54 degrees at Beaver on Thursday, July 31st to 94 degrees at Hooker on Sunday, August 3rd. Precipitation ranged from 1.58 inches in the Panhandle District to 3.18 inches in the Southeast District. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to short. There were 4.4 days suitable for field work.
Row Crops: Corn condition was rated 73 percent good to fair. Corn silking reached 91 percent complete by Sunday, 3 points ahead of last year and 5 points behind the five-year average. Fifty-eight percent of corn had reached the dough stage, 17 points behind the five-year average but 13 points ahead of the previous year. Sorghum condition was rated 76 good to fair. Sorghum headed reached 50 percent complete and 15 percent was coloring by the end of the week, both on track with the five-year average. Soybean condition was rated 86 excellent to good. Soybeans blooming reached 38 percent complete by week’s end, 6 points ahead of last year and 19 points behind the five-year average.
Peanut condition was rated 90 percent good to fair. Peanuts pegging reached 85 percent complete by Sunday, up 8 points from the previous week, 5 points behind the previous year and 6 point behind normal. Cotton condition was rated 92 percent good to fair. Cotton squaring reached 92 percent complete, while 65 percent of the crop was setting bolls.
Hay: Conditions of alfalfa hay and other hay continued to be rated mostly good to fair. A second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 93 percent complete, while a third cutting was 50 percent complete, both behind the five-year average. A first cutting of other hay was 89 percent complete, while a second cutting was 35 percent complete, both behind normal.
Watermelons harvested reached 44 percent complete, 19 points behind the five-year average.
Pasture and Livestock: Conditions of pasture and range continued to be rated mostly good to fair. Pasture was improving. Grasshoppers continued to be an issue. Livestock was rated 60 percent in good condition, with 26 percent rated in fair condition. Livestock markets continued to hold strong.
For More Information: Oklahoma Crop Weather