Owen Taylor, Editor (601-992-9488)
Larry Stalcup, Southwest Editor (806-356-6098)
Worms are turning up in peanuts in parts of the Southeast. Some treatments have been made.
Peanuts are pegging at least a little in the lower Southeast. Fungicides are being applied on a wider basis in the region.
Blooming is under way in parts of the Southwest.
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Ames Herbert, Virginia Extension Entomologist: "Thrips damage in peanuts has been ugly this year across a lot of acreage, and they’re not dropping out quite yet. We’re still finding adults and immatures. Everybody, I suspect, has sprayed at least once, some more than once, depending on the level of early pressure. We’ve seen a big difference in preventive treatments. Some did well, others poorly, and I expect some shifting in programs that farmers will use in 2015.”
Luke Johnson, Johnson Scouting LLC, Donalsonville, Georgia: “We’re starting to see a few foliage-feeding worms in peanuts. We’re beginning our second fungicide this week on most of the crop.”
Jason Woodward, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Plant Pathologist, Lubbock: “Peanuts have handled our adverse weather well. Overall, they’re off to a good start. I saw my first bloom last week. We’re on track and ahead of where we’ve been the last couple of years.
“I haven’t seen any confirmed cases of disease. There were some worries about delayed emergence, but that was due to our typical cool spells. I’ve seen some herbicide damage that caused speckling that looked like leaf spot. But I haven’t found any actual leaf spot as of yet. Weed pressure has increased with the rain we’ve had, but most farmers are pleased with their weed control.”
Rome Ethredge, Seminole County, Georgia, Extension Coordinator: “Peanuts are starting to peg down. Thrips have been a problem but are lessening now. We are seeing more caterpillars and can find some foliage feeding but not enough to spray where I’ve been (as of 6/17). Some lessers are around and causing damage. A little seedling disease has been turning up but, overall, peanuts look okay.”
Brandon Dillard, Regional Agronomist, Geneva, Alabama: “We’re not seeing a lot of leaf spot. Some fungicides are going out. Most of the focus is on weed control right now. Over the next week or two gypsum will be applied as we move into first bloom. We’ll probably see more gypsum applied this year because all the rain last year kept people from putting out lime.”
John D. Beasley, South Georgia Crop Services, Inc., Screven, Georgia: “First fungicides have gone out on a big portion of the crop and first herbicides have gone out on probably 75% to 80% of the crop. Land plaster has been applied on half of our acreage. I feel like we’re on time with peanuts and making pretty good progress. We haven’t sprayed any yet for insects but budworms are reaching 1 to 2 per foot on peanuts that are less than 30 days old. They don’t have enough vines to sacrifice any, and we may have to spray by the end of the week.”
Todd Baughman, Oklahoma State University Institute for Agricultural Biosciences, Program Support Leader, Peanuts, Ardmore: “Peanuts are growing good. Things are starting to dry out a little after good rains. A big issue we’re seeing involves some washing out in places and weed problems in those areas. Some guys are saying their preemergence is breaking down after this much rain. Some peanuts are starting to bloom. No disease problems that I’m aware of.”
Ron Smith, Alabama Extension Entomologist: "I got a call today (6/19) from people finding tobacco budworms (TBW) on peanuts near Enterprise (in southeast Alabama). I have a feeling that the worms are more widespread than just in that one place. For the last four weeks we’ve been steadily picking tobacco budworms off tobacco at Headland that we planted as a way to monitor TBW activity. I’ve never seen a flight extended over that length of time.
“Some people might be mistaking the worms for corn earworms, but I’m quite certain these are TBW. They’re foliage feeders and can do some serious defoliation if left unchecked. Keep in mind, too, that pyrethroids aren’t effective on them and you’ll have to go with one of the newer materials.”
Scott Monfort, Clemson University Extension Peanut Specialist, Blackville, South Carolina: “Everything looks good. I did see our first worm problem today (6/19) in one field. It was a mix of tobacco budworms and beet armyworms, with the biggest part of them being armyworms. Enough were out there that we thought the farmer should treat part of the field. We’ll watch the other part to see what the worms do. We checked nearby fields and didn’t find any other infestations, and the worms may have come off an adjoining creek bank.
“Most calls right now relate to herbicides and weed control. People are dealing with escapes or maybe something didn’t work well. Gypsum is going out. We do need rain. Nothing is to the point that it’s getting crispy but a good, widespread shower would really help. Corn is twisting up in places, which is a good indicator that it's dry. Initial fungicides are going out at the 45-day point, but we haven’t gotten into the thick of it yet.”
Howard Small Jr., Ind. Consultant, Colquitt, Georgia: “We’d like to see an inch or two of rain over the weekend. It hit 98 yesterday (6/18), so things are drying up fast. Peanut stands are generally pretty good. We’re cleaning up nutsedge and coffeeweed in places, nothing out of the ordinary. Some people are on their second Bravo shot where they planted in mid April, but a lot of later fields haven’t had their first cracking spray yet.
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“A couple of farmers were still planting peanuts up to May 21. If we have a problem right now, it’s that people planted too many peanuts, considering supplies and prices. When it got too wet to plant corn, people planted peanuts once they could get in the field, and even then some equpment bogged down when they shifted to peanuts.
“Even though we’d like to have a rain, it’s still wet in places because the water table rose so much. It reached 11 to 12 feet at one point, but growers have been pumping water like the devil where they could get corn in, and that’s drawn water down to 25 feet at the well I keep up with.
“We’re sure getting heat units now. All of the O6Gs bloomed in 30 days where they emerged quickly and maybe got watered a little. Now we need to keep watering to grow enough vine to support all the pins the plants have put out.”
Travis Faske, University of Arkansas Extension Plant Pathologist, Lonoke: “Our peanut crop started in uneasonably cold, wet conditions, just an awful time for peanuts. They were slow to emerge and some spots were replanted. Most do look pretty good now. Compared to the last 2 years, we’re probably 2 weeks behind, with some peanuts even further behind. It will be a challenge to meet the yield expecations that have built up over the last couple of seasons. As things look, some growers could meet or exceed those averages, but much of the crop will fall below that, based on how late we are. Arkansas isn’t the most forgiving state when you’re harvesting peanuts in late October.
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“In some fields all the rain and standing water resulted in inoculation that wasn’t as good as we’d like. We’re advising farmers to hold off on fungicides until peanuts lap the middles. In other states with long histories of peanuts and diseases, they’ve got to start earlier with fungicide programs. But we’ve still got flexibility. And with peanut prices where they are, we should take advantage of that.”
Chuck Wilbur, Independent Crop Consultant, Wellington, Texas/Southeastern Panhandle/Southwestern Oklahoma: “Heavy storms with lightning, hail, rain and 50 mph winds caused little damage to peanuts last week. Some leaf spot is being seen, but that’s just from the wind. It’s isolated and spotty. You can’t hardly kill peanuts with a sledge hammer.”
Alabama Peanuts: Fine Tuning Gypsum In The Wiregrass 6-17
Florida: More Soybeans Planted Among Diverse Mix of Crops 6-18
Florida: Dry Conditions, Peanut Crop Pegging – USDA 6-16
Georgia Peanuts: Time to Start Planning Fungicide Program 6-19
Oklahoma: Crops in Mostly Good Condition Despite Winds, Hail – USDA 6-16
Texas Crop Weather: El Niño Forecast Weaker Than Earlier Predicted 6-17
Virginia: Good Planting Progress as Rains Recharge Soil – USDA 6-16
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