Oklahoma: Mild Summer Temperatures; Row Crops in Good Condition – USDA
Crop Progress and Condition for the Week Ending July 13, 2014.
Temperatures averaged in the low 80’s with precipitation received in all nine districts last week. Some districts received more rain than others. Western Oklahoma received the least amount of rainfall. Drought conditions persisted and grass was showing signs of burn in the Panhandle District. Central and Western Oklahoma received good rains last week, the highest was recorded in Oklahoma City with 3.93 inches per Mesonet data.
Overall temperatures were cooler than normal and precipitation totals were slightly higher than normal on average across the state for this time of year. Producers continued to cut hay, although heavy rain totals in the Southeast district slowed hay harvest last week. Row crops continued to be in good condition and small grains harvest was virtually completed. Temperatures ranged from 61 degrees at Kenton on Thursday, July 10th to 103 degrees at Butler on Monday, July 7th.
Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions continued to be rated mostly adequate to short. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork.
Small Grains: Harvest was wrapping up for all small grains. Wheat harvest was 97 percent complete by Sunday, just one point below the five-year average. Rye harvest was 90 percent complete by week’s end. Ninety percent of oats were harvested by Sunday, 8 points behind normal.
Row Crops: All row crop conditions were rated mostly good to fair. Corn silking reached 56 percent complete by Sunday and 17 percent had reached the dough stage, 5 points behind normal. Sorghum emerged reached 91 percent complete; with 25 percent headed by the end of the week. Soybeans planted reached 89 percent complete by week’s end, 10 points behind normal, while 82 percent of the crop was emerged. Cotton squaring reached 63 percent complete, while 27 percent of the crop was setting bolls, 20 points ahead of the five-year average. Peanuts pegging reached 58 percent complete by Sunday.
Hay: Conditions of alfalfa hay and other hay continued to be rated mostly fair. A second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 80 percent complete, while a third cutting was 12 percent complete. A first cutting of other hay was 77 percent complete, while a second cutting was 21 percent complete, 12 points ahead of normal.
Watermelons harvested reached 13 percent complete.
Pasture and Livestock: Conditions of pasture and range were rated mostly good to fair. Livestock was rated mostly in good condition, with 31 percent rated in fair condition. Livestock markets continued to hold strong. More runoff rain was needed to start filling ponds and lakes.
Weather: Temperatures ranged from 61 degrees at Kenton on Thursday, July 10th to 103 degrees at Butler on Monday, July 7th. Precipitation ranged from 0.01 of an inch in the Southwest District to 1.30 inches in the Northeast District. Soil temperature averages ranged from 75 degrees at Tahlequah on Thursday, July 10th to 93 degrees at Burneyville on Sunday, July 13th.