Crop Progress and Condition for the Week Ending July 13, 2014.
There were 5.4 days suitable for field work, across Minnesota allowing farmers to apply herbicides and harvest the second cutting of alfalfa hay during the week ending July 13, 2014, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. The majority of Minnesota field crop conditions improved with only potato and hay crop conditions showing a slight decline. Field activities included replanting, aerial chemical application, and ground spraying where conditions allowed.
Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 21 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 75 percent adequate, and 23 percent surplus.
Five percent of the corn crop was silking, 15 percentage points behind the five-year average, with 64 percent in good to excellent condition. Twenty-seven percent of the soybean crop was blooming, up 14 points from last week. Soybean conditions rated 62 percent good to excellent.
Sixty-three percent of the Spring wheat crop was heading with 8 percent turning color. Fifty percent of the Spring wheat crop was in good to excellent condition. Eighty-one percent of the oat crop was heading with 13 percent turning color. Oat conditions were rated 66 percent good to excellent. Potato conditions were rated 77 percent good to excellent. Dry edible beans progressed to 15 percent in the blooming stage, 4 points ahead of the previous year.
Sugarbeet conditions rated 21 percent good to excellent.
The first and second cuttings of alfalfa hay were 92 and 32 percent complete, respectively. All hay conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 11 percent excellent.
Pasture conditions were rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 23 percent excellent. Flooded pastures in the northwest part of the state forced some farmers to find additional grazing ground for livestock.