There were 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork in Michigan during the week ending July 13, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. With large amounts of rain across the Lower Peninsula, there were concerns of crop damage due to flooding, especially with dry beans. Alfalfa harvest was also a challenge due to wet conditions. Despite delayed planting and development due to cold temperatures, winter wheat harvest finally started in the southern region of the state, and decent yields are expected. Corn and soybean fields are approaching tasseling and flowering stages respectively. Field activities for the week included: spraying, side-dressing, and harvesting hay.
Apple fruit ranged from 1.2 to 1.6 inches in diameter in the west Michigan area and from 1.75 to 2.0 inches in the southwest and southeast. Apples were sizing well due to heavy rainfall. Predicted harvest dates, however, are slightly behind normal. Early peach varieties began coloring, and harvest will begin this week. Redhaven harvest is predicted to start August 3. Pears ranged from 0.75 inch in the northwest to 1.5 inches in the south. Sweet cherry harvest has wound up in the south. Fruit ranged from 16 to 20 mm in the northwest and ripening was underway. Growers have had to be diligent keeping fruit clean because of cracking and bird pecks. Tart cherries were also ripening in the northwest while harvest continued in the south. Japanese plums were 1 to 1.25 inches in diameter and European plums were at 0.875 to 1 inches. Juice grapes were at berry touch in the south. Wine grapes in the northwest were at buckshot berry.
Berry set looked good on healthy shoots; but for some, there has been significant shoot injury and collapse from the cold winter. Strawberry harvest continued in the northwest while renovation began in the south. Harvest of black and early red raspberries continued. Yields in the west central area have been excellent and fruit quality has been good. Little winter damage has been evident. Hand harvest of Duke and other early season blueberries continued. Bluecrop and other mid- season varieties were ripening. Cane collapse from phomopsis has been evident in some fields.
For More Information: Michigan Crop Weather