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Kentucky: Conditions Deteriorate with Continued Drought – USDA

Ernst Undesser
From USDA July 14, 2014

Crop Progress and Condition for the Week Ending July 13, 2014.

Agricultural News: Kentucky experienced dry conditions over the past week. Precipitation for the week totaled 0.38 inches, 0.61 inches below normal. Temperatures averaged 77 degrees for the week, near normal. Topsoil moisture was rated 11 percent very short, 39 percent short, 45 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 9 percent very short, 34 percent short, 52 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Days suitable for fieldwork averaged 6.2 out of a possible seven.

Primary activities this week include spraying soybeans, harvesting wheat, and baling hay. Crop conditions are deteriorating in some areas as dry conditions continue. There were a few reports of corn curling and looking drought stressed. Pastures are drying up and some cattle producers are starting to feed hay. A few producers reported vomitoxin in wheat.

 

Near Normal Temperatures and Below Normal Rainfall:

Dry conditions continued to control the weather pattern this past week across the Commonwealth. The state averaged under a half inch for the week, which made for the fifth straight period of below normal rainfall. This led to an intensification of drought conditions with the US Drought Monitor now reporting 48% of the state as abnormally dry and a slight portion of Southeastern Kentucky in a Moderate Drought.

As high pressure pushed east over the weekend, southerly flow brought scorching heat and humidity back to the region. Highs by Sunday were in the low to mid 90s for much of the Commonwealth along with the heat index around 100 degrees. Louisville even hit a high of 97. Scattered storms developed across the region during the afternoon and evening hours as instability was on the rise and a weak front pushed through the area.

Significant rainfall totals of greater than a half inch were limited to locations across East-central Kentucky and north into the Bluegrass.

Temperatures for the period averaged 77 degrees across the state which was near normal and 4 degrees warmer than the previous period. High temperatures averaged from 88 in the West to 88 in the East. Departure from normal high temperatures ranged from 1 degree cooler than normal in the West to 1 degree warmer than normal in the East. Low temperatures averaged from 67 degrees in the West to 65 degrees in the East.

Departure from normal low temperature ranged from near normal in the West to 2 degrees warmer than normal in the East. The extreme high temperature for the period was 97 degrees at LOUISA 1S and the extreme low was 56 degrees at CYNTHIANA 8N.

Precipitation (liq. equ.) for the period totaled 0.38 inches statewide which was 0.61 inches below normal and 38% of normal. Precipitation totals by climate division, West 0.38 inches, Central 0.41 inches, Bluegrass 0.23 inches and East 0.51 inches, which was 0.6, 0.59, 0.74 and 0.49 inches below normal. By station, precipitation totals ranged from a low of 0.00 inches at BIG SANDY to a high of 1.51 inches at MIDDLESBORO AWOS.

Ernst Undesser
From USDA July 14, 2014