Agfax Buzz:
    May 16, 2014
    young_cotton_row_mississippi_state_university_featured

    Mississippi: Rain-Free Week Allowed Planting to Gain Ground

    AgFax.Com - Your Online Ag News Source

    By Bonnie Coblentz, MSU Ag Communications

    Frequent rains kept farmers indoors through much of April, but clear weather in early May allowed them to play catch-up on row-crop planting.

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture reported that planting of most of the state’s row crops is back on schedule after the wet early spring. Corn is the first crop planted in Mississippi and much of it was planted on schedule. As of May 11, USDA reported cotton is 45 percent planted, rice is 68 percent planted, grain sorghum is 42 percent planted and soybean is 55 percent planted.

    With the exception of grain sorghum, which is still running behind schedule, each of these commodities is on track with historic planting dates.

    “Producers were finally able to get in a rhythm last week,” said Alex Deason, Mississippi State University Extension Service agent in Sunflower County.
    Darrin Dodds, Extension cotton specialist, said most of the cotton in the state was planted in May.

    “A little was planted before that in the southern part of the state, but cotton planting really kicked off in the first few days of May this year,” Dodds said. “Last week, things ran absolutely wide open, and we made up a lot of ground very quickly.”




    Cotton’s ideal planting window is from the third week of April to mid-May, so the crop is still on schedule.

    “This year, planting will push a little outside that, but if we get some decent weather, it won’t make us too crazy,” he said.

    A week without rain in early May gave Mississippi producers a chance to catch up with spring planting. This cotton on Mississippi State University's R.R. Foil Plant Science Research Center was planted before the late-April rains. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Bonnie Coblentz)

    A week without rain in early May gave Mississippi producers a chance to catch up with spring planting. This cotton on Mississippi State University’s R.R. Foil Plant Science Research Center was planted before the late-April rains. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Bonnie Coblentz)

    Cotton should be planed on about 400,000 acres in Mississippi this year, well up from the 280,000 acres harvested last year, but still only about half the acreage seen in the past.

    “Producers are worried about getting behind, but if we can get the rest of the crop in the ground in the next week or 10 days, we’ll see that optimism come back and we’ll start to deal with the challenges as they present themselves over the summer,” Dodds said.

    Bobby Golden, Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station agronomist at Stoneville, said the state basically has two rice crops about a month apart.

    “We are beginning to fertilize and flood some fields in the north Delta, while some planting is finishing up in the south Delta,” Golden said. “What is up is looking good so far, and if the favorable weather holds, we should be finished planting by mid-May.”

    This year’s acreage is expected to exceed what was planted in 2013. He said producers seem optimistic even with the crop being planted slightly later than usual.

    More than half the state’s grain sorghum acreage is typically planted by this time, but Erick Larson, Extension grain agronomist, said growers should have ample opportunity to plant this crop if the weather allows further progress.

    “Sorghum actually needs a little warmer soil temperatures than soybeans need, and waiting a bit later to plant gives you an opportunity for a better stand,” Larson said.

    The state should have more than 100,000 acres of sorghum this year, which is higher than it has been in recent years.

    “It’s a lot more economical to grow than corn and is a good alternative for a dryland rotation crop with soybeans,” he said. “It can also be planted as a double crop after wheat. Planting in May is generally optimal for grain sorghum, but it can be planted through about the first of July.”

    Larson said he expects more sorghum will be planted when cotton and soybean planting winds down, and a few acres may go in after wheat is harvested.
    Trent Irby, Extension soybean specialist, said the first full week of May made a huge difference in soybean planting progress.

    “We covered a lot of ground during the last week of April and first week of May,” Irby said. “Some areas got rain and had to quit planting, but other areas actually needed the rain to replenish the moisture so that planting could continue.”

    Soybean, the state’s largest row crop, is expected to cover over 2.1 million acres this year. While early-planted soybean has the best chance of success, the crop has a huge planting window and can be planted as late as early July and still succeed. Irby said soybean planting was behind normal in April, but favorable weather during May will keep planting progress on track.

    “We usually see about 90 percent of our crop planted before the end of May, and the other 10 percent is double-cropped behind wheat,” he said. “We have so many acres to cover that it takes some time to plant, but given the size of the equipment our producers are operating, it doesn’t take long to catch up when the weather cooperates.”


    Tags: , , , , , , , ,

    Leave a Reply

    Name and Email Address are required fields. Your email will not be published or shared with third parties.

    Agfax Cotton News

    DTN Cotton Open: Trades on Slight Loss Near Low9-30

    Keith Good: ‘Misinformation’ Muddles Clean Water Act, EPA Chief Says9-30

    California: Rice Harvest Progress as Rains Move Through Northern Areas – USDA9-29

    AFB Cotton Close: Inside Day Finishes Lower9-29

    South Carolina: Rains Halt Peanut Harvest, Field Work – USDA9-29

    Alabama: Harvest Advances as Dry Weather Persists – USDA9-29

    Mississippi: Dry Weather Prevails, Good for Field Work — USDA9-29

    Arkansas: Corn, Rice Harvest Start to Wind Down – USDA9-29

    Georgia: Weather Causes Issues in Some Areas — USDA9-29

    Texas: Harvest, Wheat Planting Continue Among Widespread Rains – USDA9-29

    Oklahoma: Limited Moisture for Winter Wheat Seedlings – USDA9-29

    Arizona: Cotton Harvest Begins, Crop Condition Good — USDA9-29

    Doane Cotton Close: Harvest Progress Still Sluggish9-29

    North Carolina: Rains Delay Harvest, Corn Harvest 71% Complete – USDA9-29

    Kansas: Rains Slow Harvest, Wheat Planting – USDA9-29

    DTN Cotton Close: Finishes Inside Day Slightly Lower9-29

    Virginia: Rains Slow Corn Harvest – USDA9-29

    Tennessee: Good Harvest Progress, Pastures Need Rain – USDA9-29

    Soybean Harvest Rises by 7 Points, Corn 5 — DTN9-29

    Missouri: Corn, Rice Harvest Make Good Progress, Soybean Harvest Begins – USDA9-29

    DTN Cotton Open: Trades Near Unchanged in December9-29

    Tennessee Cotton: Forecast Looks Favorable for Defoliation9-29

    Flint on Crops: What is a Good Variety Worth?9-29

    Keith Good: Plunging Corn, Soybean Prices May Strain Farm Budgets9-29

    Rose on Cotton: Bearish News – We got plenty.9-26

    Cleveland on Cotton: Chinese Moves Send Market into Free Fall9-26

    Doane Cotton Close: May Dip Under 60 Before Reaching Harvest Lows9-26

    AFB Cotton Close: Recovers from Huge Sell Off9-26

    DTN Cotton Close: Ahead for Day, Down for Week9-26

    Louisiana: Ag Officials Ask for New Rules for Drones9-26

    Shurley on Cotton: Carefully Consider Selling Options9-26

    Texas Cotton: Prices in Decline as Harvest Approaches9-26

    Georgia Cotton: Nematode Issues in Sandy Soils9-26

    DTN Cotton Open: Trades in Green After Overnight Jump9-26

    Crop Insurance Details Clearing Up — DTN9-26

    Keith Good: River Transportation System ‘Overstrained,’ Report Says9-26

    Doane Cotton Close: Slow Start to Harvest9-25

    Crop Insurance: ARC-PLC Regulation and Decision Tools9-25

    AFB Cotton Close: Futures Remain Under Pressure9-25