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  1. California: Advanced Precision Farming Course Offered Online, Nov. 14 – Dec. 16

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  2. Arkansas: 5 Income Tax Schools in Nov, Dec.

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  3. Mississippi: Row Crop Short Course, Starkville, Dec. 5-7

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  4. California Almond Conference, Sacramento, Dec. 6-8

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  5. Kentucky: 2016 Early Bird Meetings, Dec. 6-8

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  6. Texas Plant Protection Association Conference, Bryan, Dec. 6-7

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  7. ‘Ties to the Land’ Program, Texarkana, Dec. 6

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  8. Kansas: Ag Law & Lease Workshop, Salina, Dec. 6

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  9. Texas: Private Pesticide Applicator License Training, Dec. 6, 15

    December 6 @ 8:00 am - December 15 @ 5:00 pm
  10. Kansas: K-State Program to Help Farmers Deal with Historic Ag Downturn

    December 7, 2016 @ 8:00 am - February 15, 2017 @ 5:00 pm
  11. Texas: Field Crops and Beef Workshop, Edna, Dec. 8

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  13. Alabama: Corn and Wheat Short Course, Auburn, Dec. 12-13

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  14. Texas: 55th Blackland Income Growth Conference, Waco, Dec. 13

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  15. Indiana: Crop Adviser Conference, Indianapolis, Dec. 13-14

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  16. Indiana: Beginning Farmer Workshop, Indianapolis, Dec. 14

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  17. Missouri: Crop Management Conference, Columbia, Dec. 15-16

    December 15 @ 8:00 am - December 16 @ 5:00 pm
  18. South Carolina: Ag Marketing Seminar, Myrtle Beach, Jan. 4-6

    January 4, 2017 @ 8:00 am - January 6, 2017 @ 5:00 pm
  19. South Carolina: 4 Upcoming Forest Management Workshops for Woodland Owners

    January 12, 2017 @ 8:00 am - February 10, 2017 @ 5:00 pm
  20. Illinois: 4 Regional Crop Management Conferences in Jan., Feb.

    January 18, 2017 @ 8:00 am - February 15, 2017 @ 5:00 pm
  21. Texas: Red River Crops Conference, Childress Jan. 24-25

    January 24, 2017 @ 8:00 am - January 25, 2017 @ 5:00 pm
  22. Indiana: Ag Business Management Workshop, West Lafayette, Jan. 31 – Feb. 2

    January 31, 2017 @ 8:00 am - February 2, 2017 @ 5:00 pm

Florida Cotton, Peanuts: 3 Key Reminders to Start at Planting

Ernst Undesser
By Josh Thompson, University of Florida May 9, 2014
Planting cotton in Bascom, FL. Photo: J. Thompson

Planting cotton in Bascom, FL. Photo: J. Thompson

Its prime time for cotton and peanut planting, but the excessive rainfall last week brought planting to a halt. Some growers in the northeast corner of Jackson County, where soils are very sandy, were able to begin planting again this week. The rest of the region is still pretty wet, causing growers to plant hill tops and any area dry enough to get equipment in.

Hopefully, the dry weather will continue but its likely that there are some portions of fields that won’t be planted this year, especially south of Interstate-10.

Here a few key points to remember to start-off right when planting peanuts and cotton.

 

1.)    Burn-down herbicide

Emerged Palmer in peanuts or cotton at planting will make it next to impossible to successfully manage. Make sure fields are Palmer free at planting, either by tillage or herbicide, and that residual herbicides are used at-planting to prevent new weeds from emerging.

2.)    Fertilization

Always apply P (phosphorous) and K (potassium) fertilizer according to soil test recommendations at or prior to planting as both nutrients are important for early growth of peanut and cotton. Nitrogen (N) can be included with P and K for cotton at 5 – 20 lbs./acre either in a band 2 inches below and 2 inches to the side of the seed, or if using liquid, dribbled 2 inches to the side of the row. The rest of the N should be side-dressed between squaring and bloom. If  fertilizer has already been applied, and there is concern about leaching, consider applying some additional K since it is subject to leaching on sandy soils. Phosphorous loss due to leaching is usually not a problem.

3.)    Seeding depth and rate

Cotton: Optimal planting depth is ½-1 inch. More vigorous varieties can be planted slightly deeper, however, it is best not to exceed 1 inch depth if the producer is not experienced with that varieties’ vigor. Optimal plant stands range between 2-3 plants per foot for 36 inch rows. To do this plant 2.5 – 4 seeds per foot or if using hill-drop plates, plant 2 seeds every 8 – 10 inches.

Peanut: Optimal planting depth is 1 1/2 – 2 inches. Optimal plant stand is 3-4 plants per foot. To achieve this, plant 4 – 6 seed per foot in single row or 3 – 4 seed per foot in twin row pattern. A higher seeding rate helps combat the effects of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus, although disease pressure has been relatively low the last several years.

Ernst Undesser
By Josh Thompson, University of Florida May 9, 2014